Library of Congress
WATSON, Thomas Edward (1856-1922)

WATSON, THOMAS EDWARD, a Representative and a Senator from Georgia; born in Columbia County, near Thomson, Ga., September 5, 1856; attended the common schools and Mercer University, Macon, Ga.; taught school; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1875 and commenced practice in Thomson, McDuffie County, Ga., in 1876; also engaged in agricultural pursuits; member, State house of representatives 1882-1883; presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1888; elected as a Populist to the Fifty-second Congress (March 4, 1891-March 3, 1893); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1892 to the Fifty-third Congress and in 1894 for election to the Fifty-fourth Congress; resumed the practice of law in Thomson, Ga.; nominated for Vice President by the Populist National Convention in 1896 and for President by the People's Party in 1904; published a magazine for many years and later engaged in the newspaper business; author; unsuccessful candidate for the United States House of Representatives in 1918; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1921, until his death in Washington, D.C., September 26, 1922; interment in Thomson Cemetery, Thomson, Ga.

Atlanta History Center
Atlanta, GA
Papers: 1890-1980 (bulk 1890-1928). .25 cubic foot. Correspondence, business papers, articles, and other papers.
Additional Papers: Correspondence between Rendell Terrell and Watson in Joseph Mackey Brown papers, 1846-1921.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Dorothy Atkins political miscellany collection, 1819-1888.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: 1906-1920. 97 items. Includes original correspondence with James J. Gordy and correspondence and printed material relating to his real estate dealings in Florida, in part photocopies from the Fort Lauderdale Historical Society.

Georgia Department of Archives and History
Atlanta, GA
Papers: In File II Names, primarily incoming correspondence to the Governor of Georgia. Finding aid.

Georgia State University
Southern Labor Archives
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in International Typographical Union of North America, Union No. 48, Atlanta, records, 1895-1939. Finding aid.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: 1922-1926. 2 folders.

Indiana State Library
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in Will H. Hays papers, 1857-1954 (bulk 1914-1954).

New York State Archives
Albany, NY
Papers: In Joint Legislative Committee to Investigate Seditious Activities, Suspected Radical Propaganda file, [1890-1919.]

University of Georgia
Hargrett Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts
Athens, GA
Papers: 19-page typescript (1902), evidently the beginning of a novel; a letter (1913) about local politics; correspondence in Camak family papers, 1817-1947; and audiotaped reminiscences in Roy Vincent Harris papers.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1870-1988. 10 feet. Chiefly political correspondence (1904-1909 and 1920-1922), business papers (1891-1896), papers relating to his publications, scrapbooks, diary (1871-1872), account books, photographs, clippings, and other papers. Available on microfilm. Finding aid.

University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Atkins Library
Charlotte, NC
Papers: Correspondence in Van Landingham family papers, 1860-1960.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1942.

  • Brewton, William Wade. The Life of Thomas E. Watson. Atlanta: The author, 1926.
  • Brown, Walter J. J.J. Brown and Thomas E. Watson: Georgia Politics, 1912-1928. Macon, GA: Mercer University Press, 1989.
  • Bryan, Ferald Joseph. "Thomas E. Watson versus Henry W. Grady: The Rhetorical Struggle for the Mind of the South, 1880-1890.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Missouri, Columbia, 1985.
  • Carageorge, Ted. "An Evaluation of Hoke Smith and Thomas E. Watson as Georgia Reformers.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Georgia, 1963.
  • Cashin, Brother Edward L. "Thomas E. Watson and the Catholic Laymen's Association of Georgia.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Fordham University, 1962.
  • Crowe, Charles. "Tom Watson, Populists, and Blacks Reconsidered.'' Journal of Negro History 55 (1970): 99-116.
  • De Leon, Daniel. Evolution of a Liberal: From Reform to Reaction. New York: New York Labor News Co., 1965. A series of articles published in The Daily People (1909-1910), collected and published in book form as Watson on the Gridiron (1926).
  • Durden, Robert F. "The `Cow-bird' Grounded: The Populist Nomination of Bryan and Tom Watson in 1896.'' Mississippi Valley Historical Review 50 (December 1963): 397-423.
  • Fingerhut, Eugene R. "Tom Watson, Blacks, and Southern Reform.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 60 (Winter 1976): 324-43.
  • Franzoni, Janet B. "Troubled Tirader: A Psychobiographical Study of Tom Watson.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 57 (Winter 1973): 493-510.
  • Grantham, Dewey W., Jr., ed. "Some Letters from Thomas W. Hardwick to Tom Watson Concerning the Georgia Gubernatorial Campaign of 1906.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 34 (December 1950): 328-40.
  • Gravlee, G. Jack. "Tom Watson: Disciple of `Jeffersonian Democracy'.'' In The Oratory of Southern Demagogues, edited by Cal M. Logue and Howard Dorgan, pp. 85-108. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1981.
  • Hicks, Alfred H. "Tom Watson and the Arthur Glover Case in Georgia Politics.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 53 (September 1969): 265-86.
  • Leuchtenburg, William E., ed. The Thomas E. Watson Papers. Bethesda, MD: University Publications of America, 1991. Microfilm. 34 reels, and guide by Martin Paul Schipper.
  • Mellichamp, Josephine. "Thomas E. Watson.'' In Senators from Georgia, pp. 218-23. Huntsville AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.
  • Nelson, Richard. "The Cultural Contradictions of Populism: Tom Watson's Tragic Vision of Power, Politics, and History.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 72 (Spring 1988): 1-29.
  • Ragan, Fred D. "Obscenity or Politics? Tom Watson, Anti-Catholicism, and the Department of Justice.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 70 (Spring 1986): 17-46.
  • ___. "An Unlikely Alliance: Tom Watson, Harry Weinberger, and the World War I Draft.'' Atlanta Historical Journal 25 (Fall 1981): 19-36.
  • Reed, Ralph. " `Fighting the Devil With Fire': Carl Vinson's Victory over Tom Watson in the 1918 Tenth District Democratic Primary.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 67 (Winter 1983): 451-79.
  • Robison, Daniel M. "From Tillman to Long: Some Striking Leaders of the Rural South.'' Journal of Southern History 3 (August 1937): 289-310.
  • Saunders, Robert M. "The Transformation of Tom Watson, 1894-1895.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 54 (Fall 1970): 339-56.
  • U.S. Congress. Thomas E. Watson: Memorial Addresses Delivered in the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States in Memory of Thomas E. Watson, Late a Senator from Georgia. 67th Cong., 4th sess., 1923. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1924.
  • Watson, Thomas E. Bethany: A Story of the Old South. 1904. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1972.
  • ___. Foreign Missions Exposed. 2d ed. Atlanta: Press of the Jeffersonians, 1910.
  • ___. The House of Hapsburg: The Reigning Austrian Dynasty. Thomson, GA: Press of the Jeffersonian Publishing Co., 1915.
  • ___. The Life and Speeches of Thomas E. Watson. 1908. 3d ed. Thomson, GA: Press of the Jeffersonian Publishing Co., 1916.
  • ___. The Life and Times of Andrew Jackson. Thomson, GA: Press of the Jeffersonian Publishing Co., 1912.
  • ___. The Life and Times of Thomas Jefferson. New York: D. Appleton & Co., 1903.
  • ___. Napoleon: A Sketch of His Life, Character, Struggles, and Achievements. 1903. Reprint. New York: Dodd, Mead & Co., 1926.
  • ___. The People's Party Campaign Book, 1892. 1892. Reprint. New York: Arno Press, 1975.
  • ___. Political and Economic Handbook. Atlanta: Telegram Publishing Co., 1908.
  • ___. Popery: In Its Relations to Civil and Religious Liberty. Thomson, GA: Press of the Jeffersonian Publishing Co., 1914.
  • ___. Prose Miscellanies. 3d ed. Thomson, GA: Jeffersonian Publishing Co., 1917.
  • ___. Sketches from Roman History. Atlanta: The author, 1908.
  • ___. The Story of France from the Earliest Times to the Consulate of Napoleon Bonaparte. 2 vols. 1899. Reprint. Thomson, GA: Jeffersonian Publishing Co., 1913.
  • ___. Thomas Jefferson. Boston: Small, Maynard & Co., 1900.
  • ___. Waterloo. 1908. 2d ed. New York: Neale Publishing Co., 1910.
  • Woodward, C. Vann. Tom Watson: Agrarian Rebel. 1938. 2d ed. Savannah, GA: Beehive Press, 1973.
  • ___. "Tom Watson and the Negro in Agrarian Politics.'' Journal of Southern History 4 (February 1938): 14-33.
  • Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. "Tom Watson Revisited." Journal of Southern History 68:1 (February 2002): 3-30.