WELKER, Martin (1819-1902)

WELKER, MARTIN, a Representative from Ohio; born in Knox County, Ohio, April 25, 1819; attended the common schools; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1840 and commenced practice at Millersburg, Ohio; clerk of the court of common pleas for Holmes County, 1846-1851; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Thirty-third Congress in 1852; judge of the sixth judicial district of Ohio, 1852-1857; moved to Wooster, Ohio, in 1857; Lieutenant Governor of Ohio, 1857 and 1858 on the ticket with Salmon P. Chase; declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1858; was appointed aide-de-camp, with rank of colonel, to the Governor of Ohio, August 10, 1861; judge advocate general of the State of Ohio, 1861; superintendent of drafting with rank of colonel under Governor Tod, August 15, 1862; assistant adjutant general in 1862; enlisted in the Union Army as a private in Company I, One Hundred and Eighty-eighth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, February 16, 1865; mustered out September 21, 1865; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1862 to the Thirty-eighth Congress; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-ninth, Fortieth, and Forty-first Congresses (March 4, 1865-March 3, 1871); was not a candidate for renomination to the Forty-second Congress in 1870; appointed United States judge for the northern district of Ohio by President Ulysses S. Grant, 1873 and served until 1889, when he retired; professor of political science and international law at Wooster University, 1873-1890; died on March 15, 1902, in Wooster, Ohio; interment in Wooster Cemetery.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts
New York, NY
Papers: 1867, 1 item.
A letter from Joseph Pomeroy Buckland to President Johnson written on February 7, 1867. In the letter, Joseph Buckland recommends Cooper K. Watson for District Attorney of the Northern District of Ohio. The letter is signed also by Reps. Delano, Hubbell, Welker, Lawrence, Eckley, and Bingham.

  • Welker, Martin. Farm life in central Ohio sixty years ago. Wooster [O.]: Clapper's Print, 1892. Reprint, [Cleveland]: N.p., 1895.
  • ------. Speech of Hon. Martin Welker, of Ohio, on the President's message : delivered in the House of Representatives, February 7, 1866. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1866.