WHITE, Hugh Lawson (1773-1840)
Senate Years of Service: 1825-1840

WHITE, HUGH LAWSON, a Senator from Tennessee; born in Iredell County, N.C., October 30, 1773; moved with his parents in 1785 to that part of North Carolina which now is Knox County, Tenn.; participated in an expedition against the Cherokees around 1793; pursued classical studies in Philadelphia, Pa., and studied law in Lancaster, Pa.; admitted to the bar in 1796 and commenced practice in Knoxville, Tenn.; judge of the State superior court 1801-1807; member, State senate 1807-1809; appointed United States district attorney in 1808; judge of the State supreme court 1809-1815; president of the State bank; member, State senate 1817-1825; elected in 1825 as a Jacksonian to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Andrew Jackson; reelected in 1829 and then in 1835 as an Anti-Jacksonian (later Whig) and served from October 28, 1825, to January 13, 1840, when he resigned because he could not conscientiously obey the instructions of his constituents; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Twenty-second and Twenty-third Congresses; chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs (Twentieth through Twenty-sixth Congresses); died in Knoxville, Tenn., April 10, 1840; interment in First Presbyterian Church Cemetery.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 4 items.

Knox County Public Library
McClung Historical Collection
Knoxville, TN
Papers: 1805-1840. 14 items. Correspondence, will, and funeral notice.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1838-1840. 11 items.

Tennessee Historical Society
Nashville, TN
Papers: Miscellaneous papers in various collections.

Tennessee State Library and Archives
Nashville, TN
Papers: Letters, biographical sketch, and portrait.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: In Preston family papers. Finding aid.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Tazewell family papers, 1756-1931.

  • Atkins, Jonathan M. "The Presidential Candidacy of Hugh Lawson White in Tennessee, 1832-1836.'' Journal of Southern History 58 (February 1992): 27-56.
  • Gresham, L. Paul. "Hugh Lawson White, Frontiersman, Lawyer, and Judge.'' East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications 19 (1947): 3-24.
  • ___. "Hugh Lawson White as a Tennessee Politician and Banker, 1807-1827.'' East Tennessee Historical Society's Publications 18 (1946): 25-46.
  • ___. "The Public Career of Hugh Lawson White.'' Tennessee Historical Quarterly 3 (December 1944): 291-318.
  • ___. "The Public Career of Hugh Lawson White.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University, 1944.
  • McKellar, Kenneth. "Hugh Lawson White," in Tennessee Senators as seen by one of their Successors. Kingsport, Tenn.: Southern Publishers, Inc., 1942, 159-183.
  • Ratner, Lorman A. "Hugh Lawson White: The Tennessee `Brutus'." In Andrew Jackson and His Tennessee Lieutenants: A Study in Political Culture, 73-82. Westport, CT: Greenwood House, 1997.
  • Scott, Nancy N., ed. A Memoir of Hugh Lawson White, Judge of the Supreme Court of Tennessee, Member of the Senate of the United States. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott & Co., 1856.