Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
WHITTLESEY, Elisha (1783-1863)

WHITTLESEY, ELISHA, (uncle of William Augustus Whittlesey and cousin of Frederick Whittlesey and Thomas Tucker Whittlesey), a Representative from Ohio; born in Washington, Conn., October 19, 1783; in early youth moved with his parents to Salisbury, Conn.; attended the common schools at Danbury; studied law in Danbury; was admitted to the bar of Fairfield County and practiced in Danbury and Fairfield County; also practiced in New Milford, Conn., in 1805; moved to Canfield, Mahoning County, Ohio, in 1806; practiced law and taught school; prosecuting attorney of Mahoning County; served as military and private secretary to Gen. William Henry Harrison and as brigade major in the Army of the Northwest in the War of 1812; member of the State house of representatives in 1820 and 1821; elected to the Eighteenth through Twenty-second Congresses, elected as an Anti-Masonic candidate to the Twenty-third Congress, and elected as a Whig to the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Congresses and served from March 4, 1823, to July 9, 1838, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Claims (Twenty-first through Twenty-fifth Congresses); Sixth Auditor of the Treasury from March 18, 1841, until December 18, 1843, when he resigned and resumed the practice of law in Canfield; appointed general agent of the Washington Monument Association in 1847; appointed by President Taylor as First Comptroller of the Treasury and served from May 31, 1849, to March 26, 1857, when he was removed by President Buchanan; was reappointed by President Lincoln April 10, 1861, and served until his death in Washington, D.C., January 7, 1863; interment in the Canfield Village Cemetery, Canfield, Mahoning County, Ohio.

Western Reserve Historical Society
Cleveland, OH
Papers: 1783-1863, 32 linear feet.
Correspondence, legal papers, accounts, receipts, deeds, and other papers relating to Whittlesey's law practice in Canton, Ohio, his large holdings of land in the Western Reserve, and his career as a member of Congress, Comptroller of the Treasury, and auditor of the U.S. Post Office Dept. The correspondence involves men prominent in national, state and local affairs and is concerned with the Whig party, American Colonization Society, American Bible Society, and the development of the canals, rivers, harbors, railroads, and banks of northern Ohio.

Papers: 1804-1863. ca. 34 feet.
Correspondence, legal and financial papers, notes, speeches, newspaper clippings, and other papers, relating to his law practice, land holdings, and his service in the House of Representatives and other public positions. Unpublished register in repository.

Papers: 1811-1863, 2.4 linear feet.
Financial papers, notes, speeches, docket books, newspaper clippings, certificates of appointment, and letters to Whittlesey. The speeches include topics such as African colonization, agriculture, the Ohio Militia, and the War of 1812. The letters include material on Brady's Leap, the Ohio Canal Fund Commissioners, the estate of Samuel Griswold, and the history of Canfield, Ohio, the Firelands and the Western Reserve. Also included are ca. 140 letters from early Ohio governors, members of the Ohio Constitutional Convention, state legislators, and soldiers during the War of 1812, mostly addressed to Elijah Wadsworth, concerning political and military matters in Ohio, particularly the Western Reserve, 1801-57.

Papers: In the Homer H. Hine Papers, 1796-1857, 0.1 linear foot.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Irad Kelley Papers, 1811-1910, 0.6 linear foot.
Correspondents include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Abraham Tappan Papers, 1803-1852, 0.2 linear foot.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the War of 1812 Collection of Papers, 1792-1876, 0.4 linear foot.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Jonathan Warner Family Papers, 1804-1996, 1.9 linear feet.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the George G. Washburn Correspondence, 1850-1896, 0.2 linear foot.
Correspondents include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Charles Whittlesey Papers, 1806-1909, 7.25 linear feet.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Charles Whittlesey Papers, 1827-1897, 3.4 linear feet.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the William Wallace Whittlesey Papers, 1830-1869, 1.4 linear feet.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Reuben Wood Papers 1850-1853, 1 cubic foot.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In manuscripts of writings, ca. 1860-1941. 3 items, 5 volumes, and 1 box.
Includes history of Canfield, Ohio, by Frederick Wadsworth and Elisha Whittlesey.


Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 2 letters.

Brooklyn Historical Society
Brooklyn, NY
Papers: October 1850. Certificate of membership in Washington National Monument Society.
Finding aid in repository.


Cornell University
Carl A. Kroch Library
Ithaca, NY
Microfilm: ca. 1839-1866, 1 reel.
Papers pertaining to the planning and financing of the Buffalo and Mississippi Railroad, including a capital stock description, letters, and statistics of the railroad and counties in Indiana and Michigan, including numbers of flour mills, acres of land, population, and bushels of corn. Originals held by Western Reserve Historical Society.


The Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
San Marino, CA
Papers: In the John Lorimer Graham Papers, 1786-1875, 560 pieces.
Correspondents include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Records of San Francisco Branch of the United States Mint, 1856-1899, 62 pieces, 1 box.
Correspondents include Elisha Whittlesey.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Joshua R. Giddings Papers, 1821-1866, 2.5 cubic feet.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Charles Hammond Papers, 1793-1840, 1 cubic foot.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Micajah Terrell Williams Papers, 1741,1802-1906, 4 cubic feet.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.


Middlesex County Historical Society
Middletown, CT
Papers: In the Frank F. Starr collection, ca. 1713-1968, 22.5 linear feet.
Correspondents include Elisha Whittlesey.


New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 1827-1862. 10 items.

New York State Library
Albany, NY
Papers: 1793, 1 page.
A letter from Elisha Whittlesey to Henry Livingston Junior written on December 1, 1793. In the letter, Whittlesey writes regarding a proposition in which Livingston will make 200 pounds. Whittlesey does not provide many specifics about the proposition accept to inform Livingston that he will notify him immediately upon the receipt of any monies. Written at Danbury, Conn.

Papers: 1794, 1 page.
A letter from Elisha Whittlesey to Henry Livingston, Jr. written on October 4, 1794. In the letter, Whittlesey writes regarding the default on mortgage payments of Amos [Tursil]. Whittlesey is acting as agent for Livingston and informs him that Tursil attempted to repay the loan by selling the property. Written at Danbury, Conn.

Papers: 1796, 2 pages.
A letter from Elisha Whittlesey to Henry Livingston written on July 15, 1796. In the letter, Whittlesey transmits a statement of his account with Livingston. The account page provides a detailed explanation of each amount due from Livingston. Written at Danbury, Conn.


Ohio Historical Society
Columbus, OH
Papers: 1815-1860, 6 items.
Scattered letters, 1815-1860, of Elisha Whittlesey, state representative and senator and Ohio congressman.

Papers: 1829 and 1833, 2 items.
Letters from Elisha Whittlesey to Nichol Fosdick (1829), re. nominations made by Mr. Adams and gloomy political outlook; and to David Hudson (1833), re. letter to be published in Mr. Isham's paper and favorable response on Whittlesey's address.

Papers: In the Eleutheros Cooke Papers 1836-1856, 13 items.
Correspondents include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Orramel H. Fitch Papers, 1828-1935, 0.25 cubic foot.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Seabury Ford Papers 1849-1852, 0.75 cubic foot.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the William D. Gallagher Papers 1840-1856, 4 items.
Correspondents include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Daniel Hosmer Gard Papers 1794-1925, 1.5 cubic feet.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the John Sloane Papers 1809-1877, 0.25 cubic foot.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Joseph Vance Papers 1808-1838, 1 cubic foot.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

Papers: In the Zalmon Wildman Papers, 1800-1875, 1.75 cubic feet.
Other authors include Elisha Whittlesey.

  • Davison, Kenneth E. "Forgotten Ohioan: Elisha Whittlesey." Ph.D. diss., Western Reserve University, 1953.
  • Sunderland, Byron. Sermon commemorative of the life, character, and services of the Hon. Elisha Whittlesey, of Canfield, Ohio: Delivered in the First Presbyterian Church, Washington, D.C., on Sunday evening, January 10, 1864. Washington, D.C.: McGill & Witherow, 1864.
  • Whittlesey, Elisha. An address, delivered before the Tallmadge colonization society, on the Fourth of July, 1833. Ravenna: Printed at the office of the Ohio Star, 1833.
  • ------. Address of Elisha Whittlesey. Washington: N.p., 1855.
  • ------. Address, prepared for the forty-fifth anniversary of the defence [sic] of Ft. Stephenson at Lower Sandusky, (now Fremont,) Ohio. Toledo: Printed at the Blade Job Office, 1858.