YARBOROUGH, Ralph Webster (1903-1996)

YARBOROUGH, RALPH WEBSTER, a Senator from Texas; born in Chandler, Henderson County, Tex., June 8, 1903; attended the public schools of Chandler and Tyler, Tex.; attended the United States Military Academy, West Point, N.Y., in 1919 and 1920 and the Sam Houston State Teachers College, Huntsville, Tex., in 1921; taught school for three years in Delta and Martin Springs, Henderson County, Tex.; spent one year working and studying foreign trade and international relations in Europe, mostly in Germany as assistant secretary for the American Chamber of Commerce in Berlin; served in the Thirty-sixth Division, Texas National Guard, from private to staff sergeant 1923-1926; graduated from the University of Texas Law School in 1927; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in El Paso, Tex.; assistant attorney general of Texas 1931-1934; member, board of directors of the Lower Colorado River Authority 1935; unsuccessful candidate for State attorney general in 1938; lectured on land law at University of Texas Law School in 1935; elected and served as district judge of the Fifty-third Judicial district, Austin, Tex., 1936-1941, and for three years was presiding judge for the third administrative judicial district; during the Second World War served in Army ground forces in Europe and Japan from 1943 until discharged as a lieutenant colonel in 1946; author; member of Texas Board of Law Examiners 1947-1951; unsuccessful candidate for the gubernatorial nomination in 1952, 1954, and 1956; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in a special election on April 2, 1957, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Price Daniel for the term ending January 3, 1959; reelected in 1958 and 1964 and served from April 29, 1957, to January 3, 1971; unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1970 and for nomination in 1972; chairman, Committee on Labor and Public Welfare (Ninety-first Congress); member, Interparliamentary Union Group 1961-1970; member, board of directors, Gallaudet College 1969-1971; member, constitutional revision commission of Texas 1973-1974; member, State library and archives commission of Texas 1983-1987; practiced law in Austin, Tex., was a resident of Austin, Tex., until his death on January 27, 1996; interment in Texas State Cemetery, Austin.

Texas Tech University
Southwest Collection
Lubbock, TX
Papers: Correspondence from Yarborough in Barbara Barnard scrapbook collection, 1932-1969.

University of Arizona
Tucson, AZ
Papers: Correspondence in J.E. Reynolds papers, 1953-1977. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918 1969. Finding aid.

University of Texas
Center for American History
Austin, TX
Papers: 1939-1971. 1,400 linear feet. Congressional, business, and personal correspondence and papers; photographs; motion-picture film; videotape; sound recordings; and memorabilia. Finding aid. Written permission required. Also miscellaneous papers in various collections.

University of Texas
Division of Archives and Manuscripts
Arlington, TX
Papers: 1952-1970. 3 feet. Correspondence, press releases, campaign material, newsletters, and newspaper clippings, and biography of Yarborough by William G. Phillips. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Texas AFL-CIO records, 1928-1973. Finding aid.

  • Adams, Mark, and Creekmore Fath. Yarborough, Portrait of a People's Senator: A Political Profile. Austin: Chaparral Press, 1957.
  • Collins, Michael L. "Ralph Yarborough," in Profiles in Power: Twentieth-Century Texans in Washington, ed. by Kenneth E. Hendrickson, Jr., and Michael L. Collins. Arlington Heights, Ill.: Harlan Davidson, Inc., 1993: 149-173.
  • Cox, Patrick Lloyd. "`Put the Jam on the Lower Shelf': The Early Career of U.S. Senator Ralph Webster Yarborough." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1996.
  • ___. Ralph W. Yarborough: The People's Senator. Austin: University of Texas Press, 2001; forward by Edward M. Kennedy.
  • Essin, Emmett M., III. "The Democratic Senatorial Primary in Texas: Yarborough versus Blakley.'' Master's thesis, Texas Christian University, 1965.
  • Monroe, Monte Latimer. "Lone Star Environmentalist: U.S. Senator Ralph W. Yarborough." Ph.d. dissertation, Texas Tech University, 1999.
  • Obadale-Starks, Ernest M.B. "Ralph Yarborough of Texas and the Road to Civil Rights." East Texas Historical Association Journal 24 (1994): 39-48.
  • Phillips, William G. Yarborough of Texas. Washington: Acropolis Books, 1969.
  • Provost, Norma Matlock. "Issues in the Texas Gubernatorial Race of 1954: Shivers versus Yarborough.'' Master's thesis, Lamar University, Beaumont, 1981.
  • Ralph Yarborough at 80: A Gathering of Tributes from Several of His Book-Loving Friends. Austin: Privately printed, 1984.
  • U.S. Congress. Senate. Tributes to the Honorable Ralph Yarborough of Texas in the United States Senate: Upon the Occasion of His Retirement from the Senate. 91st Cong., 2d sess., 1971. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1971.
  • Welch, June Rayfield. "Ralph Yarborough Persevered.'' In The Texas Senator, pp. 66-71. Dallas: G.L.A. Press, 1978.
  • Yarborough, Ralph W. Frank Dobie: Man and Friend. Washington: Potomac Corral, The Westerners, 1967.