Library of Congress
ARMSTRONG, John, Jr. (1758-1843)
Senate Years of Service: 1800-1802; 1803-1804

ARMSTRONG, JOHN, JR., (Son of John Armstrong [1717-1795] and brother of James Armstrong), a Delegate from Pennsylvania and a Senator from New York; born in Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pa., November 25, 1758; attended Princeton College but left college to enter the Revolutionary Army; secretary of state of Pennsylvania 1783-1787; adjutant general for several years; Member of the Continental Congress 1787-1788; moved to Dutchess County, N.Y., in 1789 and settled near Lexington Manor; elected to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term ending March 3, 1801, caused by the resignation of John Laurance; reelected in 1801, and served from November 6, 1800, to February 5, 1802, when he resigned; was next appointed to the Senate to fill the vacancy in the term ending March 3, 1807, caused by the resignation of his successor, De Witt Clinton; subsequently elected to fill the vacancy in the term ending March 3, 1809, caused by the resignation of Theodorus Bailey, and served from February 25, 1804, until June 30, 1804, when he again resigned to enter the diplomatic service; Minister to France 1804-1810; also acted as Minister to Spain 1806; during the War of 1812 was commissioned brigadier general; Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President James Madison 1813-1814; engaged in literary pursuits; died in Red Hook, Dutchess County, N.Y., April 1, 1843; interment in Rhinebeck Cemetery, Rhinebeck, N.Y.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume I, Miscellany, 1745-1856; Volume VII, Miscellany, 1764-1792; and Volume XI, Miscellany, 1755-1835.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: Correspondence in Henry family papers, 1758-1909. Microfilm. Finding aid.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence (1812-1842) in the Daniel Parker papers, 1800-1846; the North Carolina papers, ca. 1728-1788; ca. 100 letters from Armstrong as secretary of war in the Irvin family papers, 1778-1843; and a contemporary copy of Armstrong's Newburgh Addresses with Washington's replies (March 1783) in the Larned family papers, 1777-1822.

Independence National Historical Park
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 portrait by Rembrant Peale (ca. 1808); and 1 portrait by Albert Rosenthal (1806), after Rembrandt Peale.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1808-1814. 35 letters.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1814-1834. 5 items. Also correspondence in Henry Mason Morfit papers, 1819-1859.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Ca. 90 items (1778-1827) in various collections. Finding aid.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: 15 items (1811-1836) in various collections including the Charles Kitchel Gardner papers, 1803-1865.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 200 letters (1777-1843); microfilm of privately owned letters (1798-1833); a letterbook (1804); an unpublished biography; and photostats of approximately 1,000 items in other collections.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1785-1841. 17 items.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
Hyde Park, NY
Papers: In the Aldrich family papers, 1770-1895, concerning the career of John Armstrong, especially his service as minister to France, 1804-1810. 1 microfilm reel of originals in possession of the Aldrich family. Access requires permission of a family member.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Order (February 1, 1787) of Supreme Executive Council concerning Armstrong's salary as secretary to the Council; and 1 letter (September 26, 1777) concerning preparations for the battle of Germantown. Other items mention Armstrong.
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA; and State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI.

  • Skeen, C. Edward. John Armstrong, Jr., 1758-1843: A Biography. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1981.
  • ___. "Monroe and Armstrong: A Study in Political Rivalry.'' New-York Historical Society Quarterly 57 (April 1973): 121-47.