Library of Congress
BAYARD, James Asheton, Jr. (1799-1880)

BAYARD, JAMES ASHETON, JR., (son of James Asheton Bayard, Sr., brother of Richard Henry Bayard, grandson of Richard Bassett, father of Thomas Francis Bayard, Sr., and grandfather of Thomas Francis Bayard, Jr.), a Senator from Delaware; born in Wilmington, Del., November 15, 1799; pursued classical studies; studied law; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Wilmington; United States district attorney for Delaware 1838-1843; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1851; reelected in 1857 and 1863 and served from March 4, 1851, to January 29, 1864, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Engrossed Bills (Thirty-second Congress), Committee on Post Offices and Post Roads (Thirty-sixth Congress), Committee on Public Buildings (Thirty-third and Thirty-fourth Congresses), Committee on Judiciary (Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses), Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds (Thirty-fifth Congress); resumed the practice of law in Wilmington; appointed in 1867 to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of George Read Riddle; was subsequently elected as a Democrat to that position and served from April 5, 1867, to March 3, 1869; was not a candidate for reelection; again resumed the practice of law; died in Wilmington, Del., June 13, 1880; interment in the Old Swedes Burial Ground.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: Correspondence in the Thomas P. Cope letterbooks, 1788-1853, on 4 microfilm reels; in the Farmers Bank of the State of Delaware records, 1785-1900 (bulk 1807-1900), on 4 microfilm reels; and miscellaneous papers in various collections.

Historical Society of Delaware
Wilmington, DE
Papers: 1822-1897. 340 items. Family and political correspondence, including correspondence with Senator Judah P. Benjamin. Also portrait.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in the Wharton family papers, 1778-1931 (bulk 1813-1886).

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Bayard family papers, 1797-1885, 4 containers, available on 4 microfilm reels; and the Thomas F. Bayard papers, 1780-1899, 239 containers. Finding aid.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1856. 1 item.

  • Bayard, James A. A Brief Exposition of the Constitution of the United States: With an Appendix Containing the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation, and a Copious Index. Littleton, CO: F.B. Rothman & Co., 1992. Previously published in 1833 and 1845.
  • McClanahan, Brion T. “A Lonely Opposition: James A. Bayard Jr. and the American Civil War.” Ph.D. dissertation: University of South Carolina, 2006.