Library of Congress
BINGHAM, William (1752-1804)

BINGHAM, WILLIAM, a Delegate and a Senator from Pennsylvania; born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 8, 1752; was graduated from Philadelphia College in 1768; agent of the Continental Congress at Martinique, and afterwards consul at St. Pierre, in the West Indies 1777-1780; Member of the Continental Congress 1786-1788; member, State house of representatives 1790-1791, serving as speaker in 1791; served in, and was president of, the State senate 1794-1795; elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1795, to March 3, 1801; was not a candidate for reelection; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Fourth Congress; withdrew from public life and engaged in the management of his extensive estates; moved in 1801 to Bath, England, and resided with his daughter until his death in that city on February 7, 1804; interment in Bath Abbey, Bath, England.

American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In Royal Society (Great Britain), letters and communications from Americans, 1662-1900, on 10 microfilm reels; Richard Price papers, 1767-1790, on microfilm; and Samuel Breck's manuscript, Recollections of my Acquaintance with Deceased Members of the American Philosophical Society.

Broome County Historical Society
Binghamton, NY
Papers: 1787-1840. 1 volume, 110 items, 2 microfilm reels. Correspondence, business papers, and a letterbook (1835-1840) concerning sale of lands. Additional items in the Joshua Whitney papers, 1792-1907 (bulk 1792-1861).

Dickinson College Library
Carlisle, PA
Papers: 1783-1805. 16 items.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In the Victor du Pont papers, 1753-1847; the Pennsylvania Society for the Encouragement of Manufactures and the Useful Arts accounts, 1788-1801; and the John Nicholson papers, 1772-1819, on 27 microfilm reels. Historical Society of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1777-1917. 40,000 items and 2 volumes. Chiefly pertain to administration of the Binghams' estate, which was largely invested in undeveloped lands in Pennsylvania, New York, and Maine, and some business papers, including documentation of the Knox-Duer purchase of Maine lands in 1791. One volume contains letterpress copies of Bingham's letters (1791-1793). The other contains photostats of letters and land agreements (1795-1803).
Additional Papers: In the Powell family papers, 1700-1925; Ball family papers, 1676-1879; R. Sturgis Ingersoll collection, 1822-1917, of 8 Bingham estate letterbooks; and in Wharton and Willing family papers, 1669-1887.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1776-1801. 1 container. Finding aid.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Ca. 275 items, chiefly correspondence and papers concerning his estate (1772-1824) in various collections.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 1788, 1790, 1792-1794. 9 items. Correspondence contained in the records of the Department of State. Finding aid.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1778, 1787, 1800, 1801. 4 letters. Official and business correspondence.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: New York Public Library, Rare Books and Manuscripts Division, New York, NY; and University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia PA.

  • Alberts, Robert C. The Golden Voyage: The Life and Times of William Bingham, 1752-1804. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1969.
  • Bingham, William. A Letter from an American, Now Resident in London, to a Member of Parliament on the Subject of the Restraining Proclamation. 2d ed. London: J. Stockdale, 1784.
  • Brown, Margaret L. "Mr. and Mrs. William Bingham of Philadelphia.'' Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 61 (July 1937): 286-324.
  • ___. "William Bingham, Agent of the Continental Congress in Martinique.'' Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 61 (January 1937): 54-87.
  • ___. "William Bingham, Eighteenth Century Magnate.'' Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 61 (October 1937): 387-434.