BROWN, James (1766-1835)

BROWN, JAMES, (brother of John Brown of Virginia and Kentucky (1757-1837), cousin of John Breckinridge, James Breckinridge, and Francis Preston, uncle of James Brown Clay), a Senator from Louisiana; born near Staunton, Va., September 11, 1766; attended Washington College (now Washington and Lee University), Lexington, Va., and William and Mary College, Williamsburg, Va.; studied law; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Frankfort, Ky.; commanded a company of sharpshooters in an expedition against the Indians in 1789; secretary to the Governor 1792; soon after the cession of the Territory of Louisiana moved to New Orleans and was appointed as secretary of the Territory in 1804; subsequently became United States district attorney for the Territory; elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate on December 1, 1812, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John N. Destrehan, and served from February 5, 1813, to March 3, 1817; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; again elected to the United States Senate in 1819, as an Adams-Clay Republican, and served from March 4, 1819, until December 10, 1823, when he resigned; chairman, Committee on Foreign Relations (Sixteenth Congress); appointed United States Minister to France 1823-1829; returned to the United States and settled in Philadelphia, Pa., where he died on April 7, 1835; interment in Christ Church Burial Ground, Philadelphia, Pa.

Brown University
Providence, RI
Papers: February 27, 1829. 1 letter. From Comte Joseph Marie Portalis. Concerns duty on goods not brought directly from the U.S.

Filson Club Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: 2 letters (1800, 1827) and references in Brown family papers, 1799-1846; in Orlando Brown papers, 1780-1898; and miscellaneous letters and references in various collections.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in the Joel Roberts Poinsett papers, 1785-1851; Josiah Stoddard Johnston papers, 1821-1839; and Gilpin family papers, 1727-1872.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence (1805-1808, 1814) in Benjamin Parke papers; in Albert Gallatin Porter collection, 1759-1942; and Benjamin Sebastian papers, 1795-1807.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1765-1867. 5 containers.

Louisiana State University
Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections
Baton Rouge, LA
Papers: 1804-1827. 98 items. Correspondence with Gen. James Wilkinson, Col. Thomas Butler, William N. Brown, and Walker Baylor relating to the Burr conspiracy, Wilkinson's plan to capture a post near Fort Adams, MS, (1806), land speculation in Kentucky, and Andrew Jackson's prospects in the election of 1824. Also 3 letters written while minister to France, slave sales records, patent letters, and financial and legal documents.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1829. 1 item.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: August 18, 1830. 1 letter. From Marie Joseph Paul Yves Roch Gilbert De Motier, Marquis de to Brown. A detailed account of the July revolution.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Archibald Stuart papers, 1786-1822.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Tucker-Ewell papers, 1770-1893 (bulk 1770-1818).

  • Padgett, James A., ed. "Letters of James Brown to Henry Clay, 1804-1835.'' Louisiana Historical Quarterly 24 (October 1941): 921-1177.
  • ___, ed. "The Letters of Doctor Samuel Brown to President Jefferson and James Brown.'' Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society 35 (April 1937): 99-130.
  • ___, ed. "Some Letters of James Brown of Louisiana to Presidents of the United States.'' Louisiana Historical Quarterly 20 (January 1937): 58-136.