Library of Congress
BRUCE, William Cabell (1860-1946)

BRUCE, WILLIAM CABELL, a Senator from Maryland; born in Staunton Hill, Charlotte County, Va., March 12, 1860; received an academic education at Norwood High School and College, Nelson County, Va.; attended the University of Virginia at Charlottesville; graduated from the University of Maryland Law School at Baltimore in 1882; admitted to the Maryland bar the same year and commenced practice in Baltimore, Md.; lawyer and writer; received the Pulitzer Prize in 1917 for his biography of Benjamin Franklin; member, State senate 1894-1896, serving as president in 1896; head of the city law department of Baltimore 1903-1908; member, Baltimore Charter Commission 1910; general counsel to the Public Service Commission of Maryland 1910-1922, when he resigned; unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for United States Senator in 1916; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1923, to March 3, 1929; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1928; resumed the practice of law in Baltimore until 1937, when he retired; died in Ruxton, Baltimore County, Md., May 9, 1946; interment in St. Thomas' Episcopal Church Cemetery, Garrison, Md.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In the Association Against the Prohibition Amendment records, 1920-1953. Microfilm edition available.

Johns Hopkins University
Milton S. Eisenhower Library
Baltimore, MD
Papers: 4 letters (1904, 1927, 1935) in the Hermann Collitz papers, 1846-1935; items in Keyser-Wyman papers; Bowman papers; and Francis White papers, 1913-1961.

Maryland Historical Society
Baltimore, MD
Papers: Letters (1904-1924) in various collections including Walter Hooper Buck papers, 1917-1963.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1801-1945. Ca. 500 items.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: In Louise Este Bruce papers, 1786-1974. Ca. 1100 items. Includes correspondence (1885-1941), appointments, and other papers of her husband, Senator Bruce. Also numerous items in various collections. Finding aid.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: Bruce's collection of papers relating to John Randolph of Roanoke, Nathaniel Macon, Creed Taylor, R.N. Venable, and James M. Garnett, 1791-1922. Material was used to write his book, John Randolph of Roanoke, 1773-1833.

  • Bruce, William Cabell. Additional Selections from the Speeches, Addresses, etc., of Wm. Cabell Bruce. Baltimore: King Brothers, 1928.
  • ___. Below the James, a Plantation Sketch. 1918. Rev. ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1927.
  • ___. Benjamin Franklin. 1917. 3d ed. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1942. Originally published in two volumes.
  • ___. Imaginary Conversations with Franklin. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1933.
  • ___. The Inn of Existence. Baltimore: King Bros., 1941.
  • ___. John Randolph of Roanoke, 1773-1833: A Biography Based Largely on New Material. 2 vols. 1922. Reprint. New York: Octagon Books, 1970.
  • ___. Latest Additional Selections from the Speeches, Addresses and Writings of Wm. Cabell Bruce. Baltimore: Press of the Daily Record Co., 1934.
  • ___. The Negro Problem. Baltimore: J. Murphy Co., 1891.
  • ___. Recollections. Baltimore: King Brothers, 1936.
  • ___. Selections from the Speeches, Addresses, and Political Writings of Wm. Cabell Bruce. Baltimore: Sun Book Job Printing Office, 1927.
  • Moore, John Hammond. "William Cabell Bruce, Henry Cabot Lodge, and the Distribution of Ability in the United States.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 86 (July 1978): 355-61.