BUTLER, Marion (1863-1938)

BUTLER, MARION, a Senator from North Carolina; born near Clinton, Sampson County, N.C., May 20, 1863; graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1885; taught school for three years; moved to Clinton, N.C., in 1888 and became editor and publisher of the Clinton Caucasian; moved to Raleigh in 1894, but continued the publication of the paper; elected to the State senate in 1890; president of the National Farmers' Alliance and Industrial Union in 1894 and 1895; chairman of the People's Party State committee in 1894; trustee and member of the executive committee of the University of North Carolina 1891-1899; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1899 and commenced practice in Raleigh, N.C.; elected as a Populist to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1895, to March 3, 1901; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1901; chairman, Committee on Organization, Conduct, and Expenditures of Executive Departments (Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Congresses); chairman of the Populist National Executive Committee 1896-1904; affiliated with the Republican Party in 1904; assisted in organizing the Cotton and Tobacco Cooperative Marketing Association of the South in 1923 and 1924; resumed the practice of law in Washington, D.C.; died June 3, 1938, in Takoma Park, Md., where he had been confined in a hospital; interment in Clinton Cemetery, Clinton, N.C.

Nevada Historical Society
Reno, NV
Papers: Correspondence in William Morris Stewart papers, 1866-1909.

North Carolina Division of Archives and History
Raleigh, NC
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1854-1938. 22 feet. Letterbooks (1896-1897) and scrapbooks (1900-1915). Chiefly political and business correspondence. Also family correspondence. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: 1895-1918. 176 items, including 1 volume. Social correspondence of Mrs. Marion Butler while in Washington, DC.

  • Durden, Robert F. Reconstruction Bonds Twentieth-Century Politics: South Dakota v. North Carolina, 1904. Durham: Duke University Press, 1962.
  • Hunt, James L. "The Making of a Populist: Marion Butler, 1863-1895.'' North Carolina Historical Review 62 (January 1985): 53-77; (April 1985): 179-202; (July 1985): 317-43.
  • ___. "Marion Butler and the Populist Ideal, 1863-1938.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1990.
  • ___. Marion Butler and American Populism. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2003.