Arkansas History Commission
CARAWAY, Hattie Wyatt (1878-1950)

CARAWAY, HATTIE WYATT, (wife of Thaddeus Horatius Caraway), a Senator from Arkansas; born in Bakerville, Humphreys County, Tenn., February 1, 1878; attended the public schools and graduated from Dickson (Tenn.) Normal College in 1896; thereafter located in Jonesboro, Ark.; appointed as a Democrat on November 13, 1931, and subsequently elected on January 12, 1932, to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of her husband, Thaddeus H. Caraway; reelected in 1932 and 1938 and served from November 13, 1931, to January 3, 1945; unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1944; first woman elected to the United States Senate; chairwoman, Committee on Enrolled Bills (Seventy-third through Seventy-eighth Congresses); member of the United States Employees' Compensation Commission 1945-1946; member of the Employees' Compensation Appeals Board from July 1946 until her death in Falls Church, Va., December 21, 1950; interment in West Lawn Cemetery, Jonesboro, Ark.

Bulk of her papers were destroyed.
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Arkansas History Commission
Little Rock, AR
Paper: 1934. 8 items. Correspondence with Dallas Herndon of the Arkansas History Commission concerning the Arkansas centennial half-dollar and a proposed biography of T.H. Caraway by Horace Adams.
Paper: 1939 March 29 letter to Harry B. Solmson concerning legislation prohibiting the export of peeler logs to European countries and 1944 July 18 campaign postcard; correspondence on 1932 campaign and political matters with Griffin Smith of the Arkansas Supreme Court.

Louisiana State University
Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections
Baton Rouge, LA
Paper: Scrapbook, including photographs, from her 1932 election in the Huey Long papers.
Oral history: Discussed in interview with Morris Lewis Witten, 1966.

Harvard University
Schlesinger Library, Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study
Cambridge, MA
Paper: In Sue Shelton White papers, 1898-1963 (bulk 1909-1963).

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
Hyde Park, NY
Paper: Ca. 250 pages of correspondence in Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt papers and the Democratic National Committee, Women's Division records.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Paper: Correspondence in Charles F. Johnson papers, 1899-1959.

University of Arkansas
Special Collections
Fayetteville, AR
Paper: 1884-1950. 83 items. Correspondence (1919-1950); photographs (ca. 1884-1943); journal (1931-1934); scrapbooks of clippings (1927-1931 and 1934-1944); and other papers pertaining to her political career and members of her family. Finding aid available online. The journal was edited by Diane D. Blair and published as Silent Hattie Speaks: the Personal Journal of Senator Hattie Caraway, Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press, 1979.
Paper: In various collections including letters to her son in Forrest Caraway papers, 1931-1941; correspondence in Clyde Taylor Ellis papers, 1933-1976; correspondence in the R. S. Biggers papers, 1929-1940 [bulk 1939]; and Walter John Lemke papers, 1821-1969. Finding aid available online.

University of New Orleans
Special Collections
New Orleans, LA
Paper: Autograph poem by Caraway in Hermann Bacher Deutsch papers, 1920-1945. Finding aid.

  • "Hattie Wyatt Caraway," in Women in Congress, 1917-2006. Prepared under the direction of the Committee on House Administration by the Office of History & Preservation, U.S. House of Representatives. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 2006.
  • Chamberlin, Hope. "A Matter of Duty: Hattie W. Caraway, Democrat of Arkansas," in A Minority of Members: Women in the U.S. Congress. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1973: 86-95.
  • Hendricks, Nancy. Senator Hattie Caraway: An Arkansas Legacy. Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2013.
  • Kennan, William. "Senator Hattie Caraway: A Study in Rhetorical Efficacy.'' Master's thesis, University of Arkansas, 1976.
  • Kincaid, Diane, ed. Silent Hattie Speaks: The Personal Journal of Senator Hattie Caraway. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1979.
  • Malone, David. Hattie and Huey: An Arkansas Tour. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1989.
  • Sneed, Betty. "Hattie Wyatt Caraway: United States Senator, 1931-1945.'' Master's thesis, University of Arkansas, 1975.
  • Towns, Stuart. "A Louisiana Medicine Show: The Kingfish Elects an Arkansas Senator.'' Arkansas Historical Quarterly 25 (Summer 1966): 117-27.
  • Williams, Nancy A., ed. Arkansas Biography: A Collection of Notable Lives. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 2000: 52-53.