Library of Congress
CHANDLER, Zachariah (1813-1879)

CHANDLER, ZACHARIAH, (Nephew of John Chandler and Thomas Chandler, grandfather of Frederick Hale and great-great-granduncle of Rod Dennis Chandler), a Senator from Michigan; born in Bedford, N.H., December 10, 1813; attended the common schools; taught school; moved to Detroit, Mich., in 1833 and engaged in mercantile pursuits; mayor of Detroit in 1851; unsuccessful Whig candidate for Governor in 1852; was prominent in the organization of the Republican Party in 1854; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1857; reelected in 1863 and again in 1869 and served from March 4, 1857, to March 3, 1875; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1874; chairman, Committee on Commerce (Thirty-seventh through Forty-third Congresses); appointed Secretary of the Interior by President Ulysses Grant 1875-1877; chairman of the Republican National Executive Committee 1868-1876; again elected in 1879 to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Isaac P. Christiancy and served from February 22, 1879, until his death on November 1, 1879, in Chicago, Ill; interment in Elmwood Cemetery, Detroit, Mich.

Brigham Young University
Special Collections
Provo, UT
Papers: Correspondence in George Armstrong Custer papers, 1857-1929.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1854-1899. 9 containers. Correspondence, principally letters received before 1879, relating to the politics of the Civil War and Reconstruction from viewpoint as member of Republican Congressional Committee, the Joint Committee on the Conduct of the War, and as chairman of the Committee on Commerce. Also materials on Michigan politics. Available on 4 microfilm reels. Finding aid.

Michigan State University
University Archives and Historical Collections
East Lansing, MI
Papers: 1 letter (1865) in the John Parkhurst papers; 39 items (1854-1878) in the Henry Waldron papers; and 1 item (1863) in the Warren family papers.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 2 items (1860-1870); and 1 letter (October 26, 1865) to Preston King in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 4 microfilm reels of papers (1854-1899), originals in Library of Congress; and 1 letter (1874).
Additional Papers: In Francis Reuben Stebbins papers, 1856-1898; Oliver Lyman Spaulding papers, 1861-1921; Peter Quintard White papers, 1848-1915; Alexander Winchell papers, 1833-1891; Shaw family papers, 1840-1938 (bulk 1860-1890); Seth K. Shetterly papers, 1829-1934; Gilbert E. Read papers, 1855-1903; Charles T. Gorham correspondence, 1861-1899; James Frederick Joy papers, 1834-1900; Kingsley S. Bingham papers, 1820-1915; Ferry family papers, 1822-1905; Brown family papers, 1832-1884; Rice Aner Beal papers, 1843-1883; John Judson Bagley papers, 1853-1891; George D. Hill papers, 1843-1866, 1870-1876; George Johnston letterbook, 1832-1860; Woodbridge family papers, 1841-1883; and others.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: 15 letters by and 17 to Chandler (1858-1879) in various collections. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in the Carrington family papers, 1749-1929.

  • Buell, Walter. "Zachariah Chandler.'' Magazine of Western History 4 (1886): 271-78, 338-52, 432-44.
  • Detroit Post and Tribune. Zachariah Chandler: An Outline Sketch of His Life and Public Services. New York: C. Drew, 1880.
  • George, Sister Mary Karl. Zachariah Chandler: A Political Biography. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1969.
  • Harbison, Winfred A., ed. "Zachariah Chandler's Part in the Reelection of Abraham Lincoln.'' Mississippi Valley Historical Review 22 (September 1935): 267-76.
  • Harris, Wilmer C. "Public Life of Zachariah Chandler, 1851-1875.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1917.
  • Trefousse, Hans L. "Zachariah Chandler: `I Have Done My Share'.'' Civil War Times Illustrated 9 (May 1970): 22-29. Originally published as "Zachariah Chandler and the Withdrawal of Fremont in 1864; New Answers to an Old Riddle.'' Lincoln Herald 70 (Winter 1968): 181-88.
  • U.S. Congress. Eulogies on the Late Hon. Zachariah Chandler. 46th Cong., 2d sess., 1879-1880. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses on the Life and Character of Zachariah Chandler (a Senator from Michigan). 46th Cong., 2d sess., 1879-1880. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880.