Library of Congress
CLARK, William Andrews (1839-1925)

CLARK, WILLIAM ANDREWS, a Senator from Montana; born near Connellsville, Fayette County, Pa., January 8, 1839; attended the common schools and the Laurel Hill Academy; in 1856 moved with his parents to Iowa, where he taught school; while teaching, studied law at the Iowa Wesleyan University at Mount Pleasant; worked in the quartz mines near Central City, Gilpin County, Colo., in 1862; went to Montana in 1863 and settled in Bannack, Beaverhead County, and engaged in placer mining for two years; engaged in various mercantile pursuits in Blackfoot and Helena and in banking at Deer Lodge; major of a battalion that pursued Chief Joseph and his band of Nez Perce to the Bear Paw Mountains of Montana in 1877; president of the State constitutional convention in 1884 and of the second constitutional convention in 1889; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate for the term commencing March 4, 1899; took his seat December 4, 1899, and vacated his seat on May 15, 1900, before a resolution declaring his election void because of election fraud could be adopted; appointed to fill the vacancy caused by his own resignation, but did not qualify; again elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1901, and served from March 4, 1901, to March 3, 1907; was not a candidate for reelection; resumed his copper mining, banking, and railroad interests; resident of New York City until his death there on March 2, 1925; interment in Woodlawn Cemetery.

Montana Historical Society
Helena, MT
Papers: 1867-1922. Ca. 1 foot. General correspondence, clippings, financial records, miscellaneous items, photographs, and a portrait.

University of Colorado Libraries
Boulder, CO
Papers: In Atlas Mining and Milling Company records, 1895-1924.

University of Montana
Mansfield Library
Missoula, MT
Papers: Correspondence in various collections.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Paul Brandon Barringer papers, 1828-1963.

  • Emmons, David. "The Orange and the Green in Montana: A Reconsideration of the Clark-Daly Feud.'' Arizona and the West 28 (Autumn 1986): 225-45.
  • Foor, Forrest L. "The Senatorial Aspirations of William A. Clark, 1898-1901: A Study in Montana Politics.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Berkeley, 1941.
  • Glasscock, Carl Burgess. The War of the Copper Kings: Buildings of Butte and Wolves of Wall Street. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Co., 1935.
  • High, James. "William Andrews Clark, Westerner.'' Arizona and the West 2 (Autumn 1960): 245-64.
  • Hulse, James. "W.A. Clark and the Las Vegas Connection: The `Midas of the West' and the Development of Southern Nevada.'' Montana 37 (Winter 1987): 48-55.
  • Malone, Michael P. The Battle for Butte: Mining and Politics on the Northern Frontier, 1864-1906. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1981.
  • ___. "Midas of the West: The Incredible Career of William Andrews Clark.'' Montana 33 (Autumn 1983): 2-17.
  • Mangam, William Daniel. The Clarks of Montana. Washington: Service Printing Co., 1939.
  • Rodda, Jeanette. " `A Little Bit Better': William Andrews Clark and Welfare Work in Arizona.'' Montana 42 (Autumn 1992): 34-47.