Library of Congress
COLE, Cornelius (1822-1924)
Senate Years of Service: 1867-1873

COLE, CORNELIUS, a Representative and a Senator from California; born in Lodi, Seneca County, N.Y., September 17, 1822; attended the common schools, Ovid Academy at Ovid, Lima Seminary at Lima, and Hobart College at Geneva, N.Y.; graduated from Wesleyan University, Middletown, Conn., in 1847; studied law; admitted to the bar in Auburn, N.Y., in 1848; went to California in 1849, and after working a year in the gold mines commenced the practice of law in San Francisco in 1850; moved to Sacramento in 1851; district attorney of Sacramento City and County 1859-1862; member of the Republican National Committee 1856-1860; moved to Santa Cruz in 1862; during the Civil War was commissioned as a captain in the Union Army in 1863; elected as a Union Republican to the Thirty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1863-March 3, 1865); elected as a Republican to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1867, to March 3, 1873; chairman, Committee on Appropriations (Forty-second Congress); resumed the practice of law; moved to Colegrove, Los Angeles County, Calif., in 1880, and retired from active practice; died in Hollywood, Calif., November 3, 1924; interment in Hollywood Cemetery.

Brown University
Providence, RI
Papers: November 20, 1867. 1 letter.

Henry E. Huntington Library
San Marino, CA
Papers: 1865-1871. 2 items.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1923-1924. 4 items.

University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, CA
Papers: Letters by and about him and photographs in several collections including Benjamin Sherman Brooks papers, 1850-1881.

University of California, Los Angeles
Los Angeles, CA
Papers: In Cole family papers, 1833-1943. 20 feet. Includes correspondence, clippings, photographs, and memorabilia. Finding aid.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: 24 letters by and 17 to Cole (1849-1872) in various collections. Finding aid.

  • Cole, Cornelius. Ideals in Verse. Los Angeles: Times-Mirror Press, 1924.
  • ___. Memoirs of Cornelius Cole, Ex-Senator of the United States from California. New York: McLoughlin Brothers, 1908.
  • Cole, Cornelius, II. Senator Cornelius Cole and the Beginning of Hollywood. Los Angeles: Crescent Publications, 1980. A revision of Catherine Coffin Phillips's Cornelius Cole, California Pioneer and United States Senator (San Francisco: J.H. Nash, 1929).
  • Hunt, Rockwell D. "Cornelius Cole, Centenarian," in California in the Making. Caldwell, Idaho: Caxton Printers, Ltd., 1953; 97-106.