COOPER, John Sherman (1901-1991)

COOPER, JOHN SHERMAN, a Senator from Kentucky; born in Somerset, Pulaski County, Ky., August 23, 1901; attended the public schools at Somerset and Centre College, Danville, Ky.; graduated from Yale College 1923; attended Harvard Law School 1923-1925; admitted to the bar in 1928 and commenced practice in Somerset, Ky.; member, Kentucky house of representatives 1928-1930; judge of Pulaski County, Ky., 1930-1938; member of the board of trustees of the University of Kentucky 1935-1946; served during the Second World War in the United States Army 1942-1946, attaining the rank of captain; elected circuit judge of the twenty-eighth judicial district of Kentucky in 1945 and served until his resignation in November 1946; elected on November 5, 1946, as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Albert B. Chandler and served from November 6, 1946, to January 3, 1949; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1948; resumed the practice of law; delegate to the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1949 and alternate delegate in 1950 and 1951; served as adviser to the Secretary of State at the London and Brussels meetings of the Council of Ministers of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in 1950; elected on November 4, 1952, as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Virgil M. Chapman and served from November 5, 1952, to January 3, 1955; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1954; Ambassador to India and Nepal 1955-1956; delegate, United Nations General Assembly 1968; elected on November 6, 1956, as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Alben W. Barkley; reelected in 1960, and again in 1966, and served from November 7, 1956, to January 3, 1973; was not a candidate for reelection in 1972; Ambassador to the German Democratic Republic 1974-1976; resumed the practice of law in Washington, D.C., and was a resident of Somerset, Ky., and Washington, D.C., until his death in Washington, D.C., February 21, 1991; interment in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.

Berea College
Berea, KY
Papers: In the Council of the Southern Mountains collection, 1928-1971.

Boise State University Library
Boise, ID
Papers: In Frank Church papers, 1941-1984.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 5 audiotapes (1963-1970) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Filson Club Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: Ca. 7 miscellaneous letters and references.

Kentucky Historical Society
Frankfort, KY
Papers: .1 cubic foot of correspondence (1966-1988) concerning research requests in the Historical Society archives.

Lyndon Baines Johnson Library
Austin, TX
Oral History: March 11, 1978. 52 pages. Restricted.

Princeton University
Dulles Oral History Project
Princeton, NJ
Oral History: 1966. 34 pages.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Edith Spurlock Sampson papers, 1927-1979 (bulk 1934-1979); Lorraine Rowan Cooper papers, 1936-1983; and Mary Pillsbury Lord papers, 1927-1972.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: In T. George Harris papers, 1943-1985.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Harold Weston papers, 1916-1971.

University of Arkansas
Special Collections
Fayetteville, AR
Papers: Correspondence in Clyde Taylor Ellis papers, 1933-1976. Finding aid.

University of Georgia
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Athens, GA
Oral History: 1971. 10 pages. Limited to reminiscences of Russell. Also interview with Robert Riggs, Senator Cooper's administrative assistant, 4 pages.

University of Kentucky Libraries
Modern Political Archives
Lexington, KY
Papers: 1927-1972. Ca. 1,000,000 items. Chiefly materials from Senate career including correspondence, press releases, speeches, clippings, foreign policy background reports, and photographs.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in John Clarence Watts papers, 1951-1971. Finding aid.
Oral History: 83 interviews with Cooper, friends, and associates. Transcribed. John Sherman Cooper oral history project. Finding aid.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974; and Stella Brunt Osborn papers, 1916-1983. Finding aid.

Western Kentucky University Library
Special Collections
Bowling Green, KY
Papers: 1954-1966. 22 items. Includes 20 letters, newspaper clippings, and photograph.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Max Lerner papers, 1927-1980.

  • Birdwhistell, Terry L. "An Interview with Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis on John Sherman Cooper.'' Kentucky Review 10 (Summer 1990): 11-21.
  • Cooper, William, Jr. "John Sherman Cooper: A Senator and His Constituents.'' Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 84 (Spring 1986): 192-210.
  • Finch, Glenn. "The Election of United States Senators in Kentucky: The Cooper Period.'' Filson Club History Quarterly 46 (April 1972): 161-78.
  • Franklin, Douglas A. "The Politician as Diplomat: Kentucky's John Sherman Cooper in India, 1955-1956.'' Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 82 (Winter 1984): 28-59.
  • Mitchner, Clarice James. Senator John Sherman Cooper: Consummate Statesman. New York: Arno Press, 1982.
  • Schulman, Robert. John Sherman Cooper: The Global Kentuckian. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1976.
  • Smoot, Richard C. "John Sherman Cooper: The Early Years, 1901-1927." Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 93 SPring 1995): 133-58.
  • ___. "John Sherman Cooper: The Paradox of a Liberal Republican in Kentucky Politics.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kentucky, 1988.
  • U.S. Congress. Senate. Tributes to the Honorable John Sherman Cooper of Kentucky in the United States Senate Upon the Occasion of his Retirement from the Senate. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1972.