DICKERSON, Mahlon (1770-1853)

DICKERSON, MAHLON, (brother of Philemon Dickerson), a Senator from New Jersey; born in Hanover, N.J., April 17, 1770; educated by private tutors and graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1789; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1793; during the Whiskey Rebellion served as a private in the Second Regiment Cavalry, New Jersey Detached Militia; settled in Philadelphia, Pa., and was admitted to practice in the Pennsylvania courts in 1797; State commissioner of bankruptcy in 1802; adjutant general of Pennsylvania 1805-1808; recorder of the city 1808-1810; moved to Morris County, N.J., in 1810; member, State general assembly 1811-1813; law reporter for the State supreme court 1813-1814; justice of the State supreme court 1813-1815; Governor of New Jersey 1815-1817; elected as a Democratic Republican (later Crawford Republican and Jacksonian) to the United States Senate in 1816; reelected in 1823 and served from March 4, 1817, to January 30, 1829, when he resigned; immediately reelected to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Ephraim Bateman and served from January 30, 1829, to March 3, 1833; chairman, Committee on Library (Fifteenth Congress), Committee on Commerce and Manufactures (Sixteenth through Eighteenth Congresses), Committee on Manufactures (Nineteenth through Twenty-second Congresses); member, State council 1833, and served as its vice president; declined appointment as Minister to Russia in 1834; appointed Secretary of the Navy by President Andrew Jackson; reappointed by President Martin Van Buren and served from June 1834 to June 1838; United States district judge for New Jersey in 1840; delegate to the State constitutional convention of 1844; died in Succasunna, Morris County, N.J., October 5, 1853; interment in the Presbyterian Cemetery.

American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Richard Dale papers, 1780-1845, on 1 microfilm reel.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 12 items.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In Thomas Pym Cope letterbooks, 1788-1853, on 4 microfilm reels.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In United States Navy papers, 1831-1877.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 2 letters (April 4, 1836; October 1836) in Seymour autograph collection, 1750-1945.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1828-1850. 4 letters.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: Ca. 1782-1852. Ca. 1,000 items. Includes correspondence (1794-1848), diary (1782-1809, 1832-1852), memorabilia, legal documents, commonplace books and other papers. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Canfield-Dickerson family papers, 1738-1926; Rutherfurd family papers, 1760-1845; Jacob Stern Thompson papers, 1765-1844; Hagen family papers, 1844-1929; New Jersey Manuscripts collection, 1669-1840; and Stevens family papers, 1663-1959.

New Jersey State Library
Trenton, NJ
Papers: Items (1815-1817) in Judiciary records.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Henry Stevens collection, Heman Allen papers, 1805-1848. Microform of originals in Vermont State Archives.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1826, 1838. 2 items.

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library
Princeton, NJ
Papers: 1833-1839. 62 items. While secretary of the navy.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In Jesse D. Elliott papers, 1824-1839.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives
New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: 1779-1857. 4 folders, 1 volume, and 2 microfilm reels. Includes correspondence (1799-1852), diary (July 1, 1809-December 31, 1819), and papers of other family members. Microfilm includes diaries (1782-1809) of originals at New Jersey Historical Society.
Additional Papers: Items in Canfield family papers, 1853-1901; Isaac H. Williamson papers, 1817-1846; and New Jersey correspondence, 1773-1954.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: In Tazewell family papers, 1756-1931.

  • Beckwith, Robert Russell. "Mahlon Dickerson of New Jersey, 1770-1853.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1964.