Image courtesy of Library of Congress
FAULKNER, Charles James (1806-1884)

FAULKNER, CHARLES JAMES, (father of Charles James Faulkner [1847-1929]), a Representative from Virginia and from West Virginia; born in Martinsburg, Va. (now West Virginia), July 6, 1806; was graduated from Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., in 1822; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1829 and practiced; member of the Virginia house of delegates 1829-1834, 1848, and 1849; commissioner of Virginia on the disputed boundaries between that State and Maryland; member of the State senate from 1838 to 1842, when he resigned; member of the State constitutional convention in 1850; elected from Virginia as a Whig to the Thirty-second Congress and as a Democrat to the Thirty-third, Thirty-fourth, and Thirty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1851-March 3, 1859); chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Thirty-fifth Congress); appointed United States Minister to France by President Buchanan in 1859; returned to the United States in August 1861 and was detained as a prisoner of state on charges of negotiating arms sales for the Confederacy while in Paris; released in December 1861 and negotiated his own exchange for Alfred Ely, a Congressman from New York who had been taken prisoner by the Confederates at Bull Run; during the Civil War entered the Confederate Army and was assistant adjutant general on the staff of Gen. Thomas J. (Stonewall) Jackson; engaged in railroad enterprises; member of the State constitutional convention of West Virginia in 1872; elected as a Democrat from West Virginia to the Forty-fourth Congress (March 4, 1875-March 3, 1877); resumed the practice of law; died on the family estate, ``Boydville,'' near Martinsburg, W.Va., November 1, 1884; interment in the family lot on the estate.

West Virginia University Library Libraries
West Virginia & Regional History Collection
Morgantown, WV
Papers: 1786-1892, approximately 400 items.
The papers of Charles James Faulkner contains correspondence documenting the following subjects: Virginia-West Virginia politics, 1827-1876; French Colonization Society; the Nat Turner insurrection; the slavery controversy; the Virginia Revolutionary debt claims; the Jackson-Calhoun schism; the nullification controversy; the election of 1840; Whig politics, 1841-1850s; the tariff of 1857; the presidential election of 1860; foreign affairs, 1868-1876; disposal of the Harpers Ferry Armory; German-American Naturalization Treaty, 1875; Belknap and the Indian Ring scandals; the speakership contest in the Forty-fourth and Forty-fifth Congress; and the election of 1876 Other subjects include the opening of the Wheeling bridge, 1849; Strother's Hotel, Berkeley Springs; the Sixty-seventh Regiment of Virginia Militia at Martinsburg, 1846; a Thomas Haymond survey in Harrison County, 1844; the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal; Baltimore and Ohio Railroad; internal improvement schemes in Virginia and Pennsylvania; and local history of the Martinsburg and Shenandoah Valley area. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.


College of William and Mary
Earl Gregg Swem Library
Williamsburg, VA
Papers: In the John B. Floyd Papers, 1831-1863 and 1850-1863, 72 items.
Correspondents include Charles James Faulkner. An inventory is available in the repository.


Duke University Library
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: 1815-1883, 371 items.
The papers of Charles James Faulkner contain correspondence, legal papers, notes, and other papers. Much of the material is concerned with Faulkner as U.S. Minister to France, 1859-1861, his Civil War activities, and the West Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1872, to which he was a delegate. Other topics mentioned are Jackson’s veto of the Bank of the U.S., the presidential campaign of 1856, West Virginia politics and the senatorial election of 1887, slavery and slave insurrections, South Carolina and secession, Indian remains in West Virginia, and agriculture in New York. .

Papers: In the A.S. Chambers Daybook and Ledger, 1830-1901, 1 item.
A daybook of a general store in Martinsburg, West Virginia, which contains a ledger of blacksmith A. S. Chambers (1833-1864, 258 pp.), who lived in Martinsburg, W. Va., including accounts with Charles James Faulkner, diplomat and Congressman.


The Library Company of Philadelphia
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the John A. McAllister Civil War Manuscripts Collection, 1854-1868, 0.42 linear foot.
Other authors include Charles James Faulkner.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Stonewall Jackson Papers, ca. 1800-1941, 120 items.
Correspondents include Charles James Faulkner.


The Library of Virginia
Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Tazewell Family Papers, 1756-1931, 14.56 cubic feet.
Other authors include Charles James Faulkner.


University of Virginia Library
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Faulkner Family Papers, 1846-1890, 13 items.
Persons represented include Charles James Faulkner. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Papers: In the Alexander H.H. Stuart Papers, ca. 1776-1878, approximately 600 items.
Other authors include Charles James Faulkner.


Virginia Historical Society Library
Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Faulkner Family Papers, 1737-1954, approximately 12,000 items.
Persons represented include Charles James Faulkner. A finding aid is available in the repository.

  • Democratic Party. Virginia. Berkeley Co. Proceedings of a public dinner given at Martinsburg, by the Democracy of Berkeley County, state of Virginia, to the Hon. Charles James Faulkner, Representative from the Tenth Congressional District, December 16, 1852. Washington: Printed by L. Towers, 1853.
  • Faulkner, Charles James. Address delivered by Chas. Jas. Faulkner, Esq. [Lexington?, Va.: N.p., 1850].
  • ------. Address of Mr. Faulkner, of Virginia. Washington: C. Wendell, printer, 1857.
  • ------. Masonic address. Washington: Printed by L. Towers, 1853.
  • ------. National politics. Washington: A. O. P. Nicholson, printer, [1853].
  • ------. The speech of Charles Jas. Faulkner, (of Berkeley) in the House of Delegates of Virginia, on the policy of the state with respect to her slave population. Delivered January 20, 1832. Richmond: T.W. White, printer, 1832.
  • ------. Speech of C. J. Faulkner, Esq., of Berkeley, in Committee of the Whole, on the basis question, delivered in the Virginia Reform Convention, on Wednesday and Thursday, March 26th and 27th, 1851. Richmond, Va.: Printed by R. H. Gallaher, 1851.
  • ------. Speech of C. J. Faulkner, Esq., of Berkeley, in Committee of the Whole, on the subject of taxation, delivered in the Virginia Reform Convention, on Monday and Tuesday, July 7th and 8th, 1851. Richmond, Va.: Printed by R. H. Gallaher, 1851.
  • ------. Speech of Hon. C.J. Faulkner, of Virginia, on the compromise--the presidency--political parties. Delivered in the House of Representatives, August 2, 1852. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1852.
  • ------. Speech of Mr. Faulkner, of Virginia, on the Nebraska and Kansas Bill, delivered in the House of Representatives, April 10, 1854. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1854.
  • ------. [Speeches ... 1848-54]. [N.p., n.d.]
  • McVeigh, Donald R. "Charles James Faulkner: Reluctant Rebel." Ph.D. diss., West Virginia University, 1955.
  • Townsend, George Alfred. Sketch of Hon. Charles J. Faulkner, from our Representatives abroad: A biographical work. New York: Atlantic Pub. Co., 1873.
  • Woodward, Isaiah A. "Delegates Faulkner, Brown and Wise and the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1850 and 1851." West Virginia History 25 (January 1964): 130-37.