FRELINGHUYSEN, Frederick Theodore (1817-1885)

FRELINGHUYSEN, FREDERICK THEODORE, (nephew and adopted son of Theodore Frelinghuysen, grandson of Frederick Frelinghuysen, cousin of Joseph Sherman Frelinghuysen, great-grandfather of Peter Hood Ballantine Frelinghuysen, Jr., great-great-grandfather of Rodney P. Frelinghuysen), a Senator from New Jersey; born in Millstone, N.J., August 4, 1817; graduated from Rutgers College, New Brunswick, N.J., in 1836; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1839 and commenced practice in Newark, N.J.; city attorney of Newark in 1849; member of the city council 1850; trustee of Rutgers College 1851-1885; member of the peace convention of 1861 held in Washington, D.C., in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; attorney general of New Jersey 1861-1866; appointed and subsequently elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of William Wright and served from November 12, 1866, to March 3, 1869; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1868; appointed United States Minister to England by President Ulysses Grant in July 1870; confirmed but declined the appointment; again elected to the United States Senate as a Republican and served from March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877; appointed a member of the Electoral Commission in 1877 to decide the contests in various States in the presidential election of 1876; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on Agriculture (Forty-second through Forty-fourth Congresses); resumed the practice of law in Newark, N.J.; appointed Secretary of State by President Chester Arthur 1881-1885; died in Newark, N.J., May 20, 1885; interment in Mount Pleasant Cemetery.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In the Wright family papers, 1785-1902 (bulk 1809-1876). Available on microfilm.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: In Lew Wallace papers, 1799-1923.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1882-1883. 1 container. Drafts of diplomatic letters and memoranda sent to American consuls, ministers, and other agents abroad, and to government officials in the U.S.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: 1815-1924. 23 items. Frelinghuysen family papers. Correspondence and other documents, relating to politics, temperance and reform.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Robert S. Green papers, 1831-1895; 1 letter (August 5, 1853) in Ewing family papers, 1792-1885; and in various collections. Finding aid.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives
New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in Henry Woodhull Green letters received, 1844-1893 (bulk 1844); Political papers collection, 1755-1972; John T. Jenkins papers, 1854-1895; Amzi Dodd letters received, 1882-1886; and a portrait.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: 2 letters by and 1 to Frelinghuysen (1867-1873) in various collections. Finding aid.

  • Rollins, John William. "Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen, 1817-1885: The Politics and Diplomacy of Stewardship.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1974.
  • Sayles, Stephen. "The Romero-Frelinghuysen Convention: A Milestone in Border Relations.'' New Mexico Historical Review 51 (October 1976): 295-311.