GALLINGER, Jacob Harold (1837-1918)

GALLINGER, JACOB HAROLD, a Representative and a Senator from New Hampshire; born in Cornwall, Ontario, Canada, March 28, 1837; attended the common schools and completed an academic course; became a printer; studied medicine and graduated from the Cincinnati (Ohio) Medical Institute in 1858; studied abroad for two years; returned to the United States and engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery in Concord, N.H.; member, State house of representatives 1872-1873, 1891; member of the State constitutional convention in 1876; member, State senate 1878-1880; was surgeon general of New Hampshire, with the rank of brigadier general 1879-1880; elected as a Republican to the Forty-ninth and Fiftieth Congresses (March 4, 1885-March 3, 1889); declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1888; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1891; reelected in 1897, 1903, 1909, and 1914, and served from March 4, 1891, until his death in Franklin, N.H., August 17, 1918; served as President pro tempore during the Sixty-second Congress; Republican Conference chairman (Sixty-third to Sixty-fifth Congresses); chairman, Committee on Transportation Routes to the Seaboard (Fifty-second Congress), Committee on Pensions (Fifty-fourth to Fifty-seventh Congress), Committee on the District of Columbia (Fifty-seventh to Sixty-second Congresses); chairman of the Merchant Marine Commission 1904-1905; interment in Blossom Hill Cemetery, Concord, N.H.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 8 items.

College of Physicians of Philadelphia
Historical Collections
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in William W. Keen correspondence, 1883-1919.

New Hampshire Historical Society
Concord, NH
Papers: 1862-1919. 3 feet; ca. 1,000 items. Includes correspondence, speeches, physician's accounts, scrapbooks of newspaper clippings relating to his political career, and material relating to his work on congressional committees. Finding aid.

Rockefeller Archive Center

North Tarrytown, NY
Papers: In Office of Mssrs Rockefeller, Rockefeller Boards records, 1899-1961.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: In Elihu Root correspondence, 1874-1935; and Henry Cabot Lodge correspondence, 1877-1924.

  • Schlup, Leonard. "Consistent Conservative: Jacob Harold Gallinger and the Presidential Campaign of 1912 in New Hampshire.'' International Review of History and Political Science 21 (August 1984): 49-57.
  • U.S. Congress. Jacob Harold Gallinger (Late a Senator from New Hampshire): Memorial Addresses Delivered in the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States. 65th Cong., 3d sess., 1918-1919. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1919.