GEAR, John Henry (1825-1900)

GEAR, JOHN HENRY, a Representative and a Senator from Iowa; born in Ithaca, Tompkins County, N.Y., April 7, 1825; attended the common schools; moved to Galena, Ill., in 1836, to Fort Snelling, Iowa, in 1838, and to Burlington in 1843, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits; mayor of Burlington 1863; member, State house of representatives 1871-1873, serving as speaker two terms; Governor of Iowa 1878-1881; elected as a Republican to the Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses (March 4, 1887-March 3, 1891); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890; appointed by President Benjamin Harrison as Assistant Secretary of the Treasury 1892-1893; elected to the Fifty-third Congress (March 4, 1893-March 3, 1895); elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1894; reelected in 1900 and served from March 4, 1895, until his death on July 14, 1900, before the start of his second term; chairman, Committee on Pacific Railroads (Fifty-fourth through Fifty-Sixth Congresses); died in Washington, D.C.; interment in Aspen Grove Cemetery, Burlington, Iowa.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (September 18, 1891) in Post family papers, 1857-1895.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: May 5, 1881. 1 letter. Official correspondence.

State Historical Society of Iowa
Des Moines, IA
Papers: 1887-1894. 1 folder. Certificate of appointment as U.S. senator, passes, and correspondence.
Additional Papers: Miscellaneous correspondence in Alonzo Abernethy papers; J.L. Waite papers; Warren Walker papers; and Proclamations collection.

State Historical Society of Iowa
Clermont, IA
Papers: 6 letters in William Larrabee papers, 1893-1899.

State Historical Society of Iowa
Iowa City, IA
Papers: Typescripts of documents from the State Archives including 3 letters (1896, 1898) in Cyrenus Cole collection (U.S. representative); and 2 letters (1879, 1881) from Irving Fisher.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department
Iowa City, IA
Papers: December 29, 1869; July 25, 1879; and February 6, 1894. 3 letters. Also correspondence in several other collections.

  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses on the Life and Character of John Henry Gear (Late a Senator from Iowa). 56th Cong., 2d sess., 1900-1901. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1901.