GLENN, John Herschel, Jr. (1921-2016)
Senate Years of Service: 1974-1999

GLENN, JOHN HERSCHEL, JR., a Senator from Ohio; born in Cambridge, Guernsey County, Ohio, July 18, 1921; educated in the public schools of New Concord, Ohio; graduated, Muskingum College; served in the United States Marine Corps 1942-1965; test pilot; joined the United States space program in 1959, having been selected as one of the original seven Mercury astronauts; in February 1962, became the first American to orbit the Earth; unsuccessful candidate in 1964 to the United States Senate; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in November 1974, for the term commencing January 3, 1975; subsequently appointed by the Governor, December 24, 1974, to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Howard M. Metzenbaum for the term ending January 3, 1975; reelected in 1980, 1986, and again in 1992 for the term ending January 3, 1999; not a candidate for reelection in 1998; chairman, Committee on Governmental Affairs (One Hundredth through One Hundred Third Congresses); returned to space as payload specialist aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery, October 29 to November 7, 1998; awarded the Congressional Gold Medal on August 7, 2009, for service as first American to orbit the earth; awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on May 29, 2012; was a resident of Columbus, Ohio, until his death on December 8, 2016; interment in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Va.

American Jewish Archives
Cincinnati, OH
Papers: Correspondence in Harold D. Hahn Papers, 1953-1979 (bulk 1960-1979).

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 5 audiotapes (1962-1975) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: In the Samuel and Bella Spewack papers, ca. 1920-1980; and the Stein and Day Publishers records, 1963-1988.

Dartmouth College
Baker Library
Hanover, NH
Papers: In Democratic Presidential Candidates Debate records, 1984.

Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace
Stanford, CA
Papers: In the Republican National Committee Opposition Research Group records, 1960-1984.

John F. Kennedy Library
Boston, MA
Oral History: 32 pages. Concerns Project Mercury.

Library of Congress
Manuscripts Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in the Robert Taft papers, 1897-1993 (bulk 1963-1976).

Ohio Historical Society
Columbus, OH
Papers: Correspondence in Howard Nelson Lindower papers, 1968-1983. Finding aid.

Ohio State University
John Glenn Institute for Public Service and Public Policy
Columbus, OH
Papers: Ca. 1,900 cubic feet. 1942- ongoing. Personal and congressional papers including briefing books, correspondence, campaign materials, daily schedules, photographs, videotapes, microfilm of constituent correspondence, press releases, speeches, clippings, voting record, and memorabilia. Senate papers (1974-1998; 569 cubic feet) include information on nuclear proliferation and arms control; foreign relations with East Asian countries; nuclear weapons facilities management; the elimination of waste, fraud, and abuse in federal spending; aging and health care issues; space policy; federal support for scientific research; and defense related topics ranging from weapons to personnel issues. Non-Senate papers document Glenn's military, NASA, corporate, and post-Senate careers. Other material relates to his childhood and family, including records of his wife, Anna Castor Glenn. Finding aid available on-line.
Oral History The Senator John H. Glenn Oral History Project was administered by the Ohio Congressional Archives at The Ohio State University. The project contains the tape recordings, abstracts, and transcripts of twenty-three oral history interviews with former NASA astronaut and U.S. Senator John Glenn. Brien R. Williams, under a contract with the Glenn family, conducted the first sixteen oral history sessions from 1996 to 1998. Jeffrey W. Thomas, the archivist for the Ohio Congressional Archives, conducted the remaining seven interviews in 2008 and 2009. Subject areas covered by the interviews follow mostly in rough chronological order from John Glenn’s childhood in New Concord, Ohio to his twenty-four years (1975-1999) in the U.S. Senate. In addition, the project includes two oral history interviews with Mrs. Annie Glenn conducted by Brien R. Williams in 1997. The oral history tapes, abstracts, and transcripts produced by the project are available for public use in the reading room of the Ohio State University Archives Building and are also available online.

University of Illinois
Illinois Historical Survey
Urbana, IL
Papers: Correspondence in the Scott Keyes papers, 1920-1978.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In the Jay G. Hayden scrapbooks, 1916-1965; and the Virgil J. Vogel correspondence, 1975-1983. Finding aid.

  • Carpenter, M. Scott, L. Gordon Cooper, Jr., John H. Glenn, Jr., Virgil I. Grissom, Walter M. Schirra, Jr., Alan B. Shepherd, Jr., and Donald K. Slayton. We Seven. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1962.
  • Carroll, Peter N. Famous in America: The Passion to Succeed. New York: E.P. Dutton, 1985.
  • Diemar, Tom. "Ohio in Washington: The Congressional Delegation." In Ohio Politics, edited by Alexander P. Lamis. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1994.
  • Fenno, Richard F., Jr. The Presidential Odyssey of John Glenn. Washington: CQ Press, 1990.
  • Glenn, John H., comp. Letters to John Glenn. Houston: World Book Encyclopedia Science Service, 1964.
  • Glenn, John, Barry E. Carter, and Robert W. Komer. Rethinking Defense and Conventional Forces. Washington: Center for National Policy, 1983.
  • Glenn, John and Nick Taylor. John Glenn: A Memoir. New York: Bantom Books, 1999.
  • Sternsher, Bernard. "The Glenn Revolution: Voter Behavior in Northwest Ohio, 1970-1988." Northwest Ohio Quarterly (Summer, Autumn 1990): 39-53.
  • Van Riper, Frank. Glenn: The Astronaut Who Would be President. New York: Empire, 1983.