HART, Philip Aloysius (1912-1976)

HART, PHILIP ALOYSIUS, a Senator from Michigan; born in Bryn Mawr, Montgomery County, Pa., December 10, 1912; attended Waldron Academy and parochial schools; graduated from Georgetown University, Washington, D.C., in 1934 and from the University of Michigan Law School at Ann Arbor in 1937; admitted to the Michigan bar in 1938 and commenced the practice of law in Detroit, Mich.; during the Second World War served in the United States Army from 1941 until discharged in 1946 as a lieutenant colonel of Infantry; wounded during the D-Day assault on Utah Beach in Normandy; Michigan Corporation Securities Commissioner from 1949 until his resignation in 1951; State director of the Office of Price Stabilization 1951-1952; United States district attorney of the Eastern Michigan District 1952-1953; legal adviser to the Governor of Michigan 1953-1954; lieutenant governor 1955-1958; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1958; reelected in 1964 and again in 1970 and served from January 3, 1959, until his death in Washington, D.C., December 26, 1976; was not a candidate for reelection in 1976; third Senate Office Building named for Senator Hart in 1976; interred in St. Anne's Catholic Cemetery, Mackinac Island, Mich.

Boise State University Library
Boise, ID
Papers: In Frank Church papers, 1941-1984. Finding aid.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 7 audiotapes (1968-1974) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Joint Archives of Holland
Hope College
Holland, MI
Oral History: 1966, 1968. 2 items. Recorded speeches, "The Importance of Academic Freedom in Higher Education to a Free Society,'' and "The Importance of Historical Footnotes.''

Lake Superior State University
Shouldice Library
Sault Ste. Marie, MI
Papers: 1969-1970. Campaign papers donated by former Hart campaign aide, Donald F. Tucker.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1948-1976. 291 linear feet. Chiefly Senate files of correspondence, reports, speeches, memoranda, press releases, newspaper articles, photographs, and films. Political materials detail Democratic party activities and his election campaigns in 1964 and 1970. Legislative issues include civil rights, environmental protection, and the Vietnam War. Includes materials on his service as lieutenant governor. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Stella Brunt Osborn papers, 1916-1983; George Murphy papers, 1911-1961; Gerhard Weinberg papers, 1957-1973; Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969; James Kerr Pollock papers, 1920-1968; Elly Peterson papers, 1943-1985; Frank McKay papers, 1909-1965; Fred Litzner papers, 1900-1966; George Francis Lemble papers, 1958-1968; Harlan Henthorne Hatcher papers, 1931-1967; National Peace Action Coalition records, 1970-1973 on microfilm; Genevieve Gillette papers, 1914-1987 (bulk 1951-1980); Lawrence Llewellyn Farrell papers, 1935-1971; John Warner Fitzgerald papers, 1952-1965; Josephine Fellows Gomon papers, 1913-1971; Donald S. Leonard papers, 1925-1966; and John Sinclair papers, 1957-1979. Finding aid.

University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In Louis E. Shecter miscellaneous manuscripts, 1965. One sentence appraisals by various individuals on President Kennedy's life.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Hugh Scott papers, 1925-1983. Finding aid.

Wayne State University
Walter P. Reuther Library
Detroit, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Alex Pilch papers, 1967-1972; James H. Brown papers, 1960-1963; Detroit Council of Churches records, 1920-1969; and Anthony Kaiser papers, 1946-1979.

  • O'Brien, Michael. Philip Hart: The Conscience of the Senate. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1995.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses and Other Tributes in the Congress of the United States on the Life and Contributions of Philip A. Hart. 95th Cong., 1st sess., 1977. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1977.