State Historical Society of Missouri
HENDERSON, John Brooks (1826-1913)
Senate Years of Service: 1862-1863; 1863-1865; 1865-1869

HENDERSON, JOHN BROOKS, a Senator from Missouri; born near Danville, Pittsylvania County, Va., November 16, 1826; moved with his parents to Lincoln County, Mo.; studied on his own while a farm hand; taught school; admitted to the bar in 1844 and practiced; member, State house of representatives 1848-1850, 1856-1858; active in Democratic politics; commissioned a brigadier general in the State militia in 1861; appointed and subsequently elected to the United States Senate as a Unionist to fill the vacancy caused by the expulsion of Trusten Polk; reelected in 1863 and served from January 17, 1862, to March 3, 1869; was not a candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee to Audit and Control the Contingent Expense (Thirty-ninth Congress), Committee on Indian Affairs (Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for Governor and Senator; special United States attorney for prosecution of the Whiskey Ring at St. Louis in 1875; appointed a commissioner to treat with hostile tribes of Indians in 1877; moved to Washington, D.C., in 1888; writer; resided in the capital until his death, April 12, 1913; interment in Greenwood Cemetery, Brooklyn, N.Y.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: 3 letters (1898-1917) in Bancroft collection.

University of Missouri
Western Historical Manuscript Collections
Columbia, MO
Papers: 1870. 1 letter. Requesting appointment as delegate to a convention, and photograph.

Missouri Historical Society
St. Louis, MO
Papers: 1857-1895. Ca. 61 items. Also photographs and portrait.

Missouri State Archives
Jefferson City, MO
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1877-1880. 2 items.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Carrington family papers, 1749-1929.

  • Mattingly, Arthur Herman. "Senator John Brooks Henderson, United States Senator from Missouri.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Kansas State University, 1971.
  • Roske, Ralph J. "The Seven Martyrs?'' American Historical Review 64 (January 1959): 323-30.