HOLLAND, Spessard Lindsey (1892-1971)

HOLLAND, SPESSARD LINDSEY, a Senator from Florida; born in Bartow, Polk County, Fla., July 10, 1892; attended the public schools; graduated from Emory College near Atlanta, Ga., in 1912 and from the University of Florida College of Law at Gainesville in 1916; taught in public schools of Warrenton, Ga., 1912-1914; admitted to the bar in 1916 and commenced practice in Bartow, Fla.; during the First World War served in the Coast Artillery Corps and the Army Air Corps in France 1918; prosecuting attorney of Polk County, Fla., 1919-1920; county judge of Polk County 1921-1929; member, State Senate 1932-1940; Governor of Florida 1941-1945; trustee of Southern College 1932-1935; trustee of Emory University 1943-1946; appointed on September 25, 1946, as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Charles O. Andrews for the term ending January 3, 1947; elected for the full term in 1946, reelected in 1952, 1958, and again in 1964 and served from September 25, 1946, to January 3, 1971; was not a candidate for reelection in 1970; sponsor of the twenty-fourth amendment to the Constitution outlawing the poll tax in federal elections; retired and resided in Bartow, Fla., where he died November 6, 1971; interment in Wildwood Cemetery.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: In Frank Murry Dixon papers, 1924-1965.

Florida Bureau of Archives and Records Management
Tallahassee, FL
Papers: 1941-1945. Gubernatorial papers.

Florida State University
Tallahassee, FL
Papers: 1940-1971. 21,626 items. Addresses, campaign materials, personal and family correspondence, membership files, sea companies files, photographs, and memorabilia.

University of Florida
P.K. Yonge Library of Florida History
Gainesville, FL
Papers: 1929-1970. 375 linear feet. Correspondence, 237 scrapbooks, 7 Mary Holland scrapbooks, and 9 motion picture film. Also in Claude Pepper scrapbooks, 1948-1958 (2 volumes).

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969. Finding aid.

University of West Florida
Pensacola, FL
Papers: Miscellaneous items, some while Holland was governor, in the Johnson papers.

  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses and Other Tributes in the Congress of the United States on the Life and Contributions of Spessard L. Holland. 92d Cong., 2d sess., 1972. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1972.
  • U.S. Congress. Senate. Tributes to the Honorable Spessard Lindsey Holland of Florida in the Senate of the United States: Commemorating 20 Years of Service as a Senator, September 26, 1966. 89th Cong., 2d sess., 1966. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1966.
  • ___. Tributes to the Honorable Spessard L. Holland of Florida: In the United States Senate Upon the Occasion of His Retirement from the Senate. 91st Cong., 2d sess., 1970. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1971.