INGALLS, John James (1833-1900)
Senate Years of Service: 1873-1891

INGALLS, JOHN JAMES, a Senator from Kansas; born in Middleton, Essex County, Mass., December 29, 1833; attended the public schools in Haverhill, Mass., and was privately tutored; graduated from Williams College, Williamstown, Mass., in 1855; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1857; moved to Kansas in 1858; member of the State constitutional convention 1859; secretary of the Territorial Council 1860; secretary of the State senate 1861; during the Civil War served as judge advocate of the Kansas Volunteers; member, State senate 1862; unsuccessful candidate for lieutenant governor of Kansas in 1862 and 1864; edited the Atchison Champion 1863-1865 and aided in founding the Kansas Magazine; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1872; reelected in 1879 and again in 1885 and served from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1891; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Forty-ninth, Fiftieth and Fifty-first Congresses; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890; chairman, Committee on Pensions (Forty-fourth and Forty-fifth Congresses), Committee on the District of Columbia (Forty-seventh through Fifty-first Congresses); devoted his time to journalism, literature, and farming until his death in East Las Vegas, N.Mex., August 16, 1900; interment in Mount Vernon Cemetery, Atchison, Kans.

Indiana State Library
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in James Flynn Stutesman papers, 1868-1916. Kansas State Historical Society Topeka, KS
Papers: 1841-1954. 11 boxes. Chiefly correspondence, primarily with family members on political matters; photographs; portrait; and scrapbooks.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (February 17, 1888) in Post family papers, 1857-1895.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1 signature, not dated.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1900. 1 item.

University of Kansas
Lawrence, KS
Papers: 1859-1902. 148 items and 7 volumes. Correspondence (1880-1890), mainly concerning Senate business; 5 memo books (1892-1900) containing diaries; two autograph albums; and memorabilia. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Carrington family papers, 1749-1929; and S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938.

  • Argersinger, Peter H. "The Most Picturesque Drama: The Kansas Senatorial Election of 1891.'' Kansas Historical Quarterly 38 (Spring 1972): 43-64.
  • Connelley, William Elsey. Ingalls of Kansas: A Character Study. Topeka: The Author, 1909.
  • ___, ed. A Collection of the Writings of John James Ingalls. Kansas City, MO: Hudson-Kimberly Publishing Co., 1902.
  • McFarland, David F., Jr. "The Ingalls Amendment to the Sherman Anti-Trust Bill.'' Kansas Historical Quarterly 11 (May 1942): 173-98.
  • Sandefur, Ray H. "The Ingalls-Voorhees Debate of 1888.'' Kansas Historical Quarterly 17 (August 1949): 243-53.
  • Williams, Burton J. "John James Ingalls: Geographic Determinism and Kansas.'' Midwest Quarterly 6 (April 1965): 285-91.
  • ___. "John James Ingalls: The Sumner Years.'' Kansas Historical Quarterly 33 (Winter 1967): 409-42.
  • ___. "The Kansas Alliance vs. `Mr. Republican': The Case for the Accused.'' Kansas Quarterly 1 (Fall 1969): 40-48.
  • ___. "The Platte, The Plains and the Peak: Grand Theory and Local History.'' Great Plains Journal 8 (Fall 1968): 1-15.
  • ___. Senator John James Ingalls: Kansas' Iridescent Republican. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas, 1972.