KENNEDY, John Pendleton (1795-1870)

KENNEDY, JOHN PENDLETON, (brother of Anthony Kennedy), a Representative from Maryland; born in Baltimore, Md., October 25, 1795; attended private schools and was graduated from Baltimore Academy in 1812; volunteered and served in the War of 1812; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1816 and commenced practice in Baltimore, Md.; also engaged in literary pursuits and was a novelist of distinction; member of the State house of delegates 1821-1823; appointed secretary of the legation in Chile January 27, 1823, but did not proceed to his post, resigning June 23, 1823; unsuccessful candidate for election to the Twenty-fifth Congress; subsequently elected as a Whig to the same Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Isaac McKim and served from April 25, 1838, to March 3, 1839; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1838 to the Twenty-sixth Congress; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth Congresses (March 4, 1841-March 3, 1845); chairman, Committee on Commerce (Twenty-seventh Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1844 to the Twenty-ninth Congress; again a member of the State house of delegates, in 1846, and served as speaker; Secretary of the Navy in the Cabinet of President Fillmore from July 22, 1852, to March 7, 1853; resumed literary pursuits; died August 18, 1870, at Newport, R.I., while on a visit; interment in Greenmount Cemetery, Baltimore, Md.

Johns Hopkins University
George Peabody Library
Baltimore, MD
Papers: 1812-1870, 13 feet (130 volumes).
Collection includes Correspondence, journals, manuscripts and writings, scrapbooks, memoranda (some while Secretary of the Navy), notes on International Commission on Weights and Measures and Money, Paris Exposition (1867), politics, and Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, records of the Monday Club of Baltimore, and ephemera. Index of correspondents. Also described in published material. Restricted.


Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 34 letters.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: 2 official letters (January 7 and 10, 1853) in the Adelman collection.
Finding aid in repository.

Papers: 172 letters (1813-1863) in the Philip C. Pendleton papers.
Only microfilm can be used. Finding aid in repository.


Jervis Public Library
Rome, NY
Papers: 1835, 1 letter in the Thomas C. Bright autograph collection.
Finding aid in repository.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1822-1870, 1 container.

Maryland Historical Society
Baltimore, MD
Papers: 1763-1856, 35 items.
Papers: 1763-1856, 35 items.
Collection includes miscellaneous groups of letters and papers collected by John Pendleton Kennedy.


New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 1823-1869, 13 items.
Collection is chiefly personal correspondence. Finding aid in repository.


Peabody Institute Archives
Johns Hopkins University
Baltimore, MD
Papers: ca. 1812-1870, 17 feet.
Collection contains letters, journals, manuscripts, lectures, and scrapbooks. Additional papers relating to the founding of the institute in other collections.

Papers: Quantity unknown.

Pennsylvania State University
Rare Books and Manuscripts, University Libraries
State College, PA
Papers: Letters, 1857 and 1863, 2 items.
Collection contains two letters written by John Pendleton Kennedy.


University of Maryland
McKeldin Library
College Park, MD
Papers: In the Charles Lanman papers, 1823-1868, 1 foot.
Autobiographical or biographical letter. Unpublished inventory in library.


University of Virginia
Clifton Waller Barrett Library, The Special Collections Department
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Letters, 1856 and 1867, 2 items.
Collection contains two letters written by John Pendleton Kennedy.

Papers: Letter, January 7, 1856, 4 pages.
Letter is addressed to George P. Putnam and discusses various magazine subscriptions.

Papers: Letter, 1853, 3 pages.
Letter is addressed to B.B. French.

Papers: Letter, 1839, 1 page.
Letter is addressed to Miss Phoebe Ann Comstock apologizing for mistaking her sex in replying to her letter.

Papers: Letter, 1842, 2 pages.
Letter is addressed to Mrs. Penelope D. Goodwin realying his regret that he was not able to get her son admitted to West Point.


Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: In Kennedy family papers, 1813-1884, 79 items.
Collection includes correspondence, 1813-1864, and genealogical material. Collection has been analyzed by repository.


West Virginia University Library
Morgantown, WV
Papers: 1820-1898, ca. 1953, 3 items and 2 reels of microfilm.
Microfilm and photocopies from originals in Peabody Institute Library and Library of Congress.

  • Bohner, Charles H. John Pendleton Kennedy, Gentleman from Baltimore. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1961.
  • ------. "Swallow Barn: John P. Kennedy's Chronicle of Virginia Society." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 68 (July 1960): 317-30.
  • Button, Roland C., ed. "John Pendleton Kennedy and the Civil War: An Uncollected Letter." Journal of Southern History 29 (August 1963): 373-76.
  • Campbell, Bernard U. Review of the Hon. John P. Kennedy's Discourse on the life and character of Lord Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore. Baltimore: J. Murphy, 1846.
  • Eby, Cecil D. Jr. "John Pendleton Kennedy Was Not X.M.C." American Literature 31 (November 1959): 332-34.
  • Griffin, Lloyd W. "The John Pendleton Kennedy Manuscripts." Maryland Historical Magazine 48 (December 1953): 327-36.
  • ------. The John Pendleton Kennedy manuscripts. [N.p., 1953].
  • Gwathmey, Edward M. John Pendleton Kennedy. New York: Thomas Nelson and Sons, 1931.
  • [Jenkins, Michael Courtney]. Remarks of the United States Catholic magazine on the discussion between the Hon. J. P. Kennedy and his reviewer. [Baltimore: J. Murphy, 1846].
  • Kennedy, John Pendleton. An address delivered before the American institute, at Chatham street chapel. New-York: D. K. Minor, 1833.
  • ------. Address delivered before the Horticultural Society of Maryland, at its first annual exhibition. Baltimore: J. D. Toy, printer, 1833.
  • ------. Address delivered before the Maryland institute for the promotion of the mechanic arts. Baltimore: Printed by J. Murphy & Co., 1851.
  • ------. Address delivered on behalf of the faculty of arts and sciences on the occasion of the opening of the Collegiate Department in the University of Maryland on 3d of January 1831. [Baltimore: N.p.], 1831.
  • ------. At home and abroad. [New York]: G. P. Putnam & Sons, 1872.
  • ------. Autograph leaves of our country's authors. Baltimore: Cushings & Bailey, 1864.
  • ------. The Border States: Their Power and Duty in the Present Disordered Condition of the Country. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott and Company, 1861.
  • ------. Defence [sic] of the Whigs. By a member of the Twenty-seventh Congress. New-York: Harper & Brothers, 1844.
  • ------. Discourse on the Life and Character of George Calvert, the First Lord Baltimore. Baltimore: Printed for the [Maryland Historical] Society by John Murphy, 1845.
  • ------. Discourse on the life and character of William Wirt. Baltimore: W. & J. Neal, 1834.
  • ------. The Great Drama; An Appeal to Maryland. Baltimore: John D. Toy, Printer, 1861.
  • ------. Horse-Shoe Robinson. Edited, with introduction, chronology, and bibliography, by Ernest E. Leisy. 1937. Reprint, New York: Hafner Publishing Company, 1962.
  • ------. Letter of J.P. Kennedy to His Constituents, Citizens of the Fourth Congressional District in the State of Maryland, on the Principles and Value of the Protective System. Baltimore: N.p., 1842.
  • ------. Letter of Mr. Paul Ambrose [pseud.] on the great rebellion in the United States. [N.p., 1864?]
  • ------. Letters of a man of the times, to the citizens of Baltimore. Originally published in the American. Baltimore: Printed by Sands & Neilson ... 1836.
  • ------. Memoirs of the Life of William Wirt, Attorney-General of the United States. Rev. ed. 2 vols. Philadelphia: Blanchard and Lea, 1856.
  • ------. [Mephistopheles, pseud.]. A Review of Mr. [Churchill] Cambreleng's Report from the Committee of Commerce, in the House of Representatives, at the First Session of the Twenty First Congress. Baltimore: Printed by William Ogden Niles, 1830.
  • ------. Mr. Ambrose's Letters on the Rebellion. New York: Published by Hurd and Houghton, 1865.
  • ------. Notes on the acts of Congress touching the retirement of naval officers. Nice: Printed by Caisson and Mignon, [1867].
  • ------. Occasional Addresses; and the Letters of Mr. Ambrose on the Rebellion. New York: G.P. Putnam and Sons, 1872.
  • ------. Political and Official Papers. New York: G.P. Putnam and Sons, 1872.
  • ------. Quodlibet. 1840. Reprint, Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Literature House/Gregg Press, 1970.
  • ------. [Mephistopheles, pseud.]. A Review of Mr. [Churchill] Cambreleng's Report from the Committee of Commerce, in the House of Representatives, at the First Session of the Twenty First Congress. Baltimore: Printed by William Ogden Niles, 1830.
  • ------. Mr. Ambrose's Letters on the Rebellion. New York: Published by Hurd and Houghton, 1865.
  • ------. Notes on the acts of Congress touching the retirement of naval officers. Nice: Printed by Caisson and Mignon, [1867].
  • ------. Occasional Addresses; and the Letters of Mr. Ambrose on the Rebellion. New York: G.P. Putnam and Sons, 1872.
  • ------. Political and Official Papers. New York: G.P. Putnam and Sons, 1872.
  • ------. Quodlibet. 1840. Reprint, Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Literature House/Gregg Press, 1970.
  • ------. Reply of J. P. Kennedy to the Review of his Discourse on the life and character of Calvert. Baltimore: Printed by J. Murphy, 1846.
  • ------. A review of Mr. Cambreleng's report from the Committee of Commerce, in the House of Representatives, at the first session of the Twenty first Congress. By Mephistopheles. Baltimore: Printed by W. O. Niles, 1830.
  • ------. Rob of the Bowl; A Legend of St. Inigoe's. Edited by William S. Osborne. 1838. Reprint, New Haven, Conn.: College and University Press, Publishers, 1965.
  • ------. Slavery the mere pretext for the rebellion; not its cause. Andrew Jackson's prophecy in 1833. His last will and testament in 1843. Bequests of his three swords ... Picture of the conspiracy. Drawn in 1863, by a southern man. Philadelphia: C. Sherman, Son & Co., printers, 1863.
  • ------. Some passages in the life of William Thom: a lecture delivered February 4, 1846, before the Asbury Sabbath school. N.p.: 1846.
  • ------. [A Southern Man, pseud.]. Slavery the Mere Pretext for the Rebellion; Not Its Cause. Philadelphia: C. Sherman, Son and Company, Printers, 1863.
  • ------. Speech of Mr. Kennedy, of Maryland on the bill making appropriations for the civil and diplomatic service for the year. Washington: Printed by Gales and Seaton, 1839.
  • ------. Swallow Barn; or A Sojourn in the Old Dominion. Introduction by Lucinda H. MacKethan. 1832. Reprint, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1986.
  • Link, Samuel Albert. John P. Kennedy, John Esten Cooke, and Other Southern Novelists. Pioneers of Southern Literature. No. 5. Nashville: Barbee and Smith, Agents, 1898.
  • Osborne, William S. "John Pendleton Kennedy's Horse Shoe Robinson: A Novel With 'The Utmost Historical Accuracy'." Maryland Historical Magazine 59 (September 1964): 286-96.
  • ------. "Kennedy and Poe: An Unpublished Letter." Modern Language Notes 75 (January 1960): 17-18.
  • Ridgely, Joseph Vincent. John Pendleton Kennedy. Twayne's United States Authors Series, ed. Sylvia E. Bowman. New York: Twayne Publishers, Inc., 1966.
  • ------, comp. "John Pendleton Kennedy 1795-1870." In Bibliographical Guide to the Study of Southern Literature, edited by Louis D. Rubin, Jr., pp. 233-34. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1969.
  • Ringe, Donald A. "Kennedy, John Pendleton." In American Literature to 1900, pp. 210-11. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1980.
  • Spelman, Georgia Peterman. "The Whig Rhetoric of John Pendleton Kennedy." Ph.D. diss., Indiana University, 1974.
  • Tuckerman, Henry Theodore. The Life of John Pendleton Kennedy (Notable American Authors). New York: G. P. Putnam & Sons, 1871.