LEHMAN, Herbert Henry (1878-1963)

LEHMAN, HERBERT HENRY, a Senator from New York; born in New York City, March 28, 1878; attended Sachs Collegiate Institute in New York City; graduated from Williams College, Williamstown, Mass., in 1899; employed by the J. Spencer Turner Co., textile manufacturers; in 1908 became partner in Lehman Bros., investment bankers in New York City; during the First World War was commissioned a captain in the United States Army in August 1917, later attained the rank of colonel on the General Staff, and served until April 1919; lieutenant governor of New York 1929-1932; Governor 1933-1942; Director of Foreign Relief and Rehabilitation Operations in the State Department, Washington, D.C., 1943; Director General of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration 1943-1946; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1946; member of Public Advisory Board of the Economic Cooperation Administration 1948; elected on November 8, 1949, as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert F. Wagner; reelected in 1950 and served from November 9, 1949, until January 3, 1957; was not a candidate for renomination in 1956; was a resident of New York City until his death there on December 5, 1963; interment in Kensico Cemetery, Valhalla, N.Y.; posthumously awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom on January 28, 1964.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: Correspondence in Virginia Foster Durr papers, 1904-1991; and Clifford J. Durr papers, 1899-1976.

American Jewish Archives
Cincinnati, OH
Papers: Correspondence in Morris David Waldman papers, 1912-1963. Finding aid.

American Jewish Historical Society
Waltham, MA
Papers: Several items in various collections.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: 1949. 13 leaves. Campaign speech. Permission required to cite, quote, or reproduce. Part of New York Political Studies (C) project.
Oral History: 1961. 785 leaves. Reminiscences including family background, education, Lehman Brothers, politics in New York, significant legislation, campaigns, Senate career and fight against McCarthyism. Index. Permission required to cite, quote, or reproduce.
Oral History: 414 leaves. Herbert H. Lehman project. Discussed in interviews with Helen Altschul (1957), 13 leaves; Emanuel Celler (1957), 3 leaves; Paul Douglas (1957), 22 leaves; Julius Edelstein (1957-1961), 45 leaves; James A. Farley (1957), 44 leaves; Carolin Flexner (1957), 67 leaves; Hubert H. Humphrey (1958), 25 leaves; Sir Robert G.A. Jackson (1978), 308 leaves; Estes Kefauver (1957), 12 leaves; George Meany (1957), 13 leaves; Henry Morgenthau (1957), 8 leaves; Wayne Lyman Morse (1957), 29 leaves; Charles Poletti (1957), 32 leaves and (1978), 702 leaves; Eleanor Roosevelt (1957), 17 leaves; Anna M. Rosenberg (1957), 14 leaves; Samuel I. Rosenman (1957), 23 leaves; Marc Herman Tanenbaum (1962), 38 leaves; and Roy Wilkins (1957), 26 leaves. Permission required to cite, quote, or reproduce.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1858-1963. 1,250,000 items. Personal and public correspondence, including correspondence with senators; official papers and documents; ca. 60 reels of silent and sound films; ca. 250 sound recordings; ca. 60 reels of audio tapes; photographs; portraits; cartoons; and memorabilia. Materials document early business career and careers as lieutenant governor, governor, director general of United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, and senator, as well as college and retirement years. Finding aid. Also books about Lehman, the Senate, and his times.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in William B. Welsh, legislative research papers, 1952-1956; Frances Perkins papers, 1895-1965; League of Women Voters of New York State records, 1912-1981; Society for the Prevention of Crime records, 1878-1973; Stanley Howells Fuld papers, 1916-1992; Edward N. Costikyan papers, 1952-1985; Dorothy Rosenman papers, 1936-1946; Marion E. Kenworthy papers, 1915-1980; Geoffrey Parsons papers, ca. 1919-1959; Robert G.A. Jackson papers, 1945-1982; Frank Altschul papers, 1900-1981; James Cummings Bonbright papers, 1921-1983; and Alexis Goldenweiser papers, 1900-1974.

Cornell University
Labor Management Documentation
Ithaca, NY
Papers: In National Union of Hospital and Health Care Employees general subject files, 1940-1970, and collective bargaining files, 1957-1974; and Paul Abelson arbitration and mediation files, 1916-1953.

Cornell University
Rare Book and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: In Carl E. Ladd papers, 1932-1943; Bert Lord papers, 1902-1939; Edith Anna Ellis scrapbooks, 1924-1933; Roland Crangle scrapbooks, 1898-1955; Charles Abrahams papers, 1923-1970; Samuel Frank Freeman papers, 1929-1984; Maurice C. Burritt papers, 1832-1959; Karl Douglas Butler papers, 1931-1984; Civil Service Reform Association records, 1880-1947; and Frank Ernest Gannett papers, [ca. 1859]-1958.

John F. Kennedy Library
Boston, MA
Oral History: 831 pages. Interview conducted by Columbia University Oral History office.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Lessing J. Rosenwald papers, 1819-1980.

New York City
Municipal Archives
New York, NY
Papers: In WNYC collection of broadcast recordings, 1938-1970. Advance notice required.

New York Public Library
New York, NY
Papers: In Seabury Cone Mastick papers, 1890-1969.

New York State Archives
Albany, NY
Papers: In New York State War Council, governor's correspondence with citizens on war issues, 1942-1945; Office of Lieutenant Governor central subject and correspondence files, 1929-1932, available on 43 microfilm reels; governor's central subject and correspondence files, 1929-1932, available on 218 microfilm reels, and 1933-1942, available on 106 microfilm reels; and governor's appointment correspondence files, 1883-1936.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: 1935. 6 feet. Typed manuscripts, clippings, printed material on Governor Lehman's Conference on Crime, the Criminal, and Society. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In George Atwood Slater papers, 1890-1936; and Albany Fire Protectives collection, 1834-1952.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Pauline Newman papers, 1903-1982; Hannah R. London papers, 1923-1977; Molly Dewson papers, 1861-1962; Frieda Segelke Miller papers, 1909-1973; Freda Kirchway papers, 1871-1972 (bulk 1937-1971); Mildred Buchanan Flagg papers, 1876-1955; Martha May Eliot papers, 1898-1979; and Mary Elizabeth Dreier papers, 1797-1963.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
Hyde Park, NY
Papers: 1929-1942. 261 microfilm reels. Lieutenant governor and governor's records, originals in New York State Archives. Include correspondence, memoranda, directives, and reports relating to service as lieutenant governor and acting governor under Roosevelt. Includes information on his personal and financial affairs and his philanthropic work. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: In Edward E. Perkins correspondence, 1910-1944; Henry Morgenthau papers, 1866-1953 (bulk 1933-1953); Edward J. Flynn papers, 1913-1963 (bulk 1931-1952); and Mary Williams Dewson papers, 1898-1961 (bulk 1921-1961). Finding aid.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: In Nathan Lewis Miller papers, 1902-1958; Edmund Bigelow Chaffee papers, 1902-1937; Norman J. Whitney papers, 1937-1968; Osborne family papers, 1812-1968; and Paul Henson Appleby papers, 1932-1965.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections Martin Luther King, Jr. Papers Project
Stanford, CA
Papers: Photocopies of correspondence between Lehman and King. Originals in Columbia University Library.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in George Murphy papers, 1911-1961; Richard Brown Scandrett papers, 1907-1966 (bulk 1907-1951); Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969; and Blair Moody papers, 1928-1954. Finding aid.

University of Minnesota
Social Welfare History Archives
Minneapolis, MN
Papers: Correspondence in Fred Kenneth Hoehler papers, 1917-1965.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center
Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in John B. Burnham papers, 1895-1975; and Morgan Beatty papers, 1922-1973. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In John Collier papers, 1910-1987; Alvin Saunders Johnson papers, 1902-1969; and Dean Acheson papers, 1898-1986.
Oral History: 1957-1959. 9 microfiche. Reminiscences. Originals at Oral History Project, Columbia University.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Adirondack Museum, Blue Mountain Lake, NY; American-Irish Historical Society, New York, NY; Congregation Shearith Israel, New York, NY; Dutchess County Historical Society, Poughkeepsie, NY; Hadassah Archives, New York, NY; Hagley Museum and Library, Greenville, DE; Harvard Business School, Baker Library, Boston, MA; New York Philharmonic Archives, New York, NY; New York Public Library for the Performing Arts, New York, NY; State Historical Society of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY; and Yivo Institute for Jewish Research, New York, NY.

  • Bailey, Stephen Kemp, and Howard D. Samuel, "A Day in the Life of a Senator: The Congressional Office, 1952." Commentary (May 1952): 433-441.
  • Bellush, Jewell. "Roosevelt's Good Right Arm: Lieutenant Governor Herbert H. Lehman.'' New York History 41 (October 1960): 423-43.
  • Ingalls, Robert P. Herbert H. Lehman and New York's Little New Deal. New York: New York University Press, 1975.
  • Nevins, Allan. Herbert H. Lehman and His Era. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1963.