MLK Library
LONG, Huey Pierce (1893-1935)
Senate Years of Service: 1932-1935

LONG, HUEY PIERCE, (husband of Rose McConnell Long, father of Russell B. Long, brother of George S. Long, and cousin of Speedy P. Long), a Senator from Louisiana; born on a farm near Winnfield, Winn Parish, La., August 30, 1893; attended the public schools at Winnfield and University of Oklahoma School of Law; was engaged as a book peddler, auctioneer, and salesman; studied law at Tulane University, New Orleans, La.; admitted to the bar in 1915 and commenced practice in Winnfield; moved to Shreveport, La., in 1918; railroad commissioner 1918-1928, and commission chairman 1924-1928; unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic nomination for Governor of Louisiana in 1924; Democratic National committeeman 1928-1935; elected Governor of Louisiana in 1928 and served from May 21, 1928, until his resignation effective January 25, 1932, having previously been elected Senator; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1930 for the term commencing March 4, 1931, but did not assume these duties until January 25, 1932, preferring to continue as Governor; served as Senator from January 25, 1932, until his death; announced his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for President in August 1935; shot by an assassin in the State Capitol Building in Baton Rouge on September 8, 1935, and died on September 10, 1935; interment on the Capitol Grounds at Baton Rouge, La.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: Discussed in interviews with Gordon Browning and Burton K. Wheeler.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: 1929-1940. 35 items. Letters concerning the "Share Our Wealth'' program, circulars, clippings, and photographs.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: 1926-1938. 19 items. Chiefly concerning Long's career and death, including correspondence (1931) with Julian LaRose Harris concerning "potlikker and cornpone'' recipes. Also correspondence in Mildred Hicks papers, 1917-1945.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In E.I. Du Pont de Nemours Company, Office of the president records, 1909-1952 (bulk 1914-1948); and John J. Raskob papers, 1900-1956.

Historic New Orleans Collection
New Orleans, LA
Papers: Handbills, circulars, broadsides, postcards, and photographs in Long-Allen-Leche collection, 1929-1940; and correspondence and legal and estate papers related to the settlement of the estate of Huey Long, his widow, and their children in Charles J. Rivet papers, 1915-1971. Finding aid.
Oral History: Discussed in Cecil Mortan interview (1985) on the Huey Long era by Betty W. Carter.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1928. 5 items.

Louisiana State University
Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections
Baton Rouge, LA
Papers: 1918-1935. 48 feet. Includes family, legal and public papers; photographs; scrapbooks; memorabilia; and portraits. Very little on his Senate years, except for a small amount of Senate memorabilia. Also several thousand items relating to the personal and political affairs of the Long family, particularly Huey Long, in Russell B. Long papers, 1920-1986. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: 2.5 feet of correspondence (1934-1978) about Long; 3 items in Huey P. Long collection (1934-1935) including a photograph, a pamphlet entitled "Is the Senate Afraid of Huey Long?'', and a song by Chris Yacich and Frank Arena entitled "Follow Long''; items in the Aswell family collection; John B. Fournet papers, 1844-1970; Helen Gilkison papers, 1925-1962 (bulk 1925-1948); photographs in Great Southern Lumber Company collection, 1924-1938; discussed in J. Thomas Tanner papers, 1869-1980; and circulars (1934-1935) of Long political organization in Randall A. Detro collection, 1932-1988. Finding aid.
Oral History: 1959-1968. Transcripts of 230 interviews with Long's family and friends done by T. Harry Williams. Restricted.
Oral History: Discussed in interview (1966) with Morris Lewis Witten, conducted by Witten's daughter Morris Lewis Witten.

Louisiana Tech University Library
Ruston, LA
Papers: Letters by Boone relating to his disillusionment with Long in William C. Boone correspondence, 1928-1930; articles and printed material on Long in Harley B. Bozeman papers, 1858-1971; and in Earl R. Hester papers, 1850-1965.

Northwestern State University of Louisiana
Eugene P. Watson Memorial Library
Natchitoches, LA
Papers: Discussed in writings (1950s) by Harley B. Bozeman in Bozeman collection, on 1 microfilm reel; items pertaining to memorial services (1938) and references in NSU-University Archives; items and references in Dudley Tatman collection, 1985; Melrose collection, 1700s-1948; photographs in A. H. May collection, 1930s-1963; 1 letter (1925) in A.A. Fredericks collection, 1914-1964, permission required; 1 pamphlet (1930) in Robert DeBlieux collection; speech (1935) and references in Ernest S. Clements collection, 1918-1968; references in Everett Webber collection, 1950s-1960s; and correspondence, unfinished novel, and miscellaneous items in James Aswell collection, 1930s-1950s.

Tulane University
Lousiana Research Collection
New Orleans, LA
Papers: ca. 100 items. In the Jack McGuire collection including speech drafts, and files on political foes, share the wealth program, and a bond issue for roads and bridges.

Papers: Addition Long material in the Harry S. Michel papers, 1877-1945; Hermann Bacher Deutsch papers, 1827-1970; David R. McGuire memorial collection, 1745-2005; Cecil Morgan papers, 1922-1971; Frank Leo Loria papers, 1933-1975; Hilda Phelps Hammond papers, 1908-1951; and Leon Trice Louisiana political photographs, circa 1920s-1940s.

University of Georgia
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Athens, GA
Papers: Audiotaped reminiscences in Roy Vincent Harris papers, 1931-1983.

University of Illinois
Illinois Historical Survey
Urbana, IL
Papers: Correspondence in Marie Hochmuth Nichols papers, 1927-1978.

University of New Orleans
Special Collections
New Orleans, LA
Papers: Memorabilia and clippings in Gladys McGuffey Rogers papers, ca. 1930-1941; and material on Long in Hermann Bacher Deutsch papers, 1920-1945. Finding aid.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: Material on Long and his associates, mostly in regard to alleged malfeasance in W. D. Robinson papers, 1865-1945; and correspondence (1933-1936) with women's groups and other organizations opposing Long in Louisiana and seeking his expulsion by the U.S. Senate, and campaign materials of various candidates opposing Long in the Martha Gasquet Westfeldt papers, 1875-1936.

University of Oklahoma
Carl Albert Center Congressional Archives
Norman, OK
Papers: Correspondence in John Andrew Simpson papers, 1917-1934; and Joseph A. Brandt papers, 1915-1980.

  • Abernathy, Elton. "Huey Long: Oratorical `Wealth Sharing'.'' Southern Speech Journal 21 (Winter 1955): 87-102.
  • Ader, Emile B. "An Analysis of the Campaign Techniques and Appeals of Huey P. Long.'' Master's thesis, Tulane University of Louisiana, 1942.
  • Beals, Carleton. The Story of Huey P. Long. 1935. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1971.
  • Bormann, Ernest Gorden. "A Rhetorical Analysis of the National Radio Broadcasts of Senator Huey P. Long.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Iowa, 1953.
  • Brinkley, Alan. "Comparative Biography as Political History: Huey Long and Father Coughlin.'' History Teacher 18 (November 1984): 9-16.
  • ___. "Huey Long, The Share Our Wealth Movement, and the Limits Of Depression Dissidence.'' Louisiana History 22 (Spring 1981): 117-34.
  • ___. Voices of Protest: Huey Long, Father Coughlin, and the Great Depression. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1982.
  • Brogan, Hugh. All Honorable Men: Huey Long, Robert Moses, Estes Kefauver, Richard J. Daley. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  • Cassity, Michael J. "Huey Long: Barometer of Reform in the New Deal.'' South Atlantic Quarterly 72 (Spring 1973): 255-69.
  • Christman, Henry M., ed. Kingfish to America, Share Our Wealth: Selected Senatorial Papers of Huey P. Long. New York: Schocken Books, 1985.
  • Cortner, Richard C. The Kingfish and the Constitution: Huey Long, the First Amendment, and the Emergence of Modern Press Freedom in America. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1996.
  • Davis, Forrest. Huey Long: A Candid Biography. New York: Dodge Publishing Co., 1935.
  • Dethloff, Henry C. "The Longs: Revolution or Populist Retrenchment?'' Louisiana History 19 (Fall 1978): 401-12.
  • ___, ed. Huey P. Long: Southern Demagogue or American Democrat? Boston: Heath, 1967.
  • Fields, Harvey G. A True History of the Life, Works, Assassination, and Death of Huey Pierce Long. Farmerville, LA: Fields Publishing Agency, 1945.
  • Fineran, John Kingston. The Career of a Tinpot Napoleon. New Orleans LA: J.K. Fineran, 1932.
  • Gaske, Paul C. "Huey Pierce Long, Jr.'' In American Orators of the Twentieth Century: Critical Studies and Sources, edited by Bernard K. Duffy and Halford R. Ryan, pp. 291-97. New York: Greenwood Press, 1987.
  • Gillette, Michael L. "Huey Long and the Chaco War.'' Louisiana History 11 (Fall 1970): 290-311.
  • Graham, Hugh Davis, ed. Huey Long. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1970.
  • Haas, Edward F. "Black Cat, Uncle Earl, Edwin and the Kingfish: The Wit of Modern Louisiana Politics.'' Louisiana History 29 (Summer 1988): 213-27.
  • ___. "Huey Long and the Communists.'' Louisiana History 32 (Winter 1991): 29-46.
  • Hair, William Ivy. The Kingfish and His Realm: The Life and Times of Huey P. Long. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1991.
  • Harris, Thomas O. The Kingfish, Huey P. Long, Dictator. New Orleans: Pelican Publishing Co., 1938.
  • Hodges, James Curtis. "The Politics of Huey P. Long.'' Master's thesis, Louisiana State University, 1940.
  • Hotaling, Burton L. "Huey Pierce Long as Journalist and Propagandist.'' Journalism Quarterly 20 (March 1943): 21-29.
  • Jeansonne, Glen. "Challenge to the New Deal: Huey P. Long and the Redistribution of National Wealth.'' Louisiana History 21 (Fall 1980): 331-39.
  • ___. "Huey Long and Racism.'' Louisiana History 33 (Summer 1992): 265-82.
  • ___. "Huey P. Long, Gerald L. K. Smith and Leander H. Perez as Charismatic Leaders.'' Louisiana History 35 (Winter 1994): 5-21.
  • ___. "Huey P. Long: A Political Contradiction.'' Louisiana History 31 (Winter 1990): 373-85.
  • ___. Messiah of the Masses: Huey P. Long and the Great Depression. New York: HarperCollins College Publishers, 1993.
  • ___., ed. Huey at 100: Centenniel Essays on Huey P. Long. Ruston, LA: McGinty Publications, 1995.
  • Jones, Terry L. "An Administration Under Fire: The Long-Farley Affair of 1935.'' Louisiana History 28 (Winter 1987): 5-17.
  • Kane, Harnett Thomas. Huey Long's Louisiana Hayride: The American Rehearsal for Dictatorship, 1928-1940. 1941. Rev. ed. Gretna, LA: Pelican Publishing Co., 1970. Originally published as Louisiana Hayride.
  • King, Peter J. "Huey Long: The Louisiana Kingfish.'' History Today 14 (March 1964): 151-60.
  • Leuchtenburg, William E. "FDR and the Kingfish.'' American Heritage(October/November 1985): 57-63.
  • LeVert, Suzanne. Huey Long: The Kingfish of Louisiana. New York: Facts on File, 1994.
  • Long, Huey Pierce. Every Man A King. 1933. Reprint. Chicago: Quadrangle Books, 1964.
  • ___. My First Days in the White House. 1935. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1996.
  • Louisiana State Museum. Huey Pierce Long, The Martyr of the Age. Edited by James J.A. Fortier. New Orleans: Press of T.J. Moran's Sons, 1937.
  • Luthin, Reinhard H. "Huey P. Long: The Louisiana Kingfish.'' In American Demagogues: Twentieth Century, pp. 236-71. 1954. Reprint. Gloucester, MA: Peter Smith, 1959.
  • Malone, David. Hattie and Huey: An Arkansas Tour. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press, 1989.
  • Martin, Thomas. Dynasty: The Longs of Louisiana. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1960.
  • McSween, Harold B. "Huey Long at His Centenary.'' Virginia Quarterly Review 29 (Summer 1993): 509-20.
  • Moreau, John Adam. "Huey Long and His Chroniclers.'' Louisiana History 6 (Spring 1965): 121-39.
  • Mugleston, William F. "Cornpone and Potlikker: A Moment of Relief in the Great Depression.'' Louisiana History 16 (Summer 1975): 279-88.
  • Opotowsky, Stan. The Longs of Louisiana. New York: Dutton, 1960.
  • Schott, Matthew J. "Huey Long: Progressive Backlash?'' Louisiana History 27 (Spring 1986): 133-45.
  • Sindler, Allan P. Huey Long's Louisiana: State Politics, 1920-1952. 1956. Reprint of 1968 ed. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980.
  • Smith, Webster. The Kingfish, A Biography of Huey Long. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1933.
  • Snyder, Robert E. "The Concept of Demagoguery: Huey Long and His Literary Critics.'' Louisiana Studies 15 (Spring 1976): 61-83.
  • ___. "Huey Long and the Cotton-Holiday Plan of 1931.'' Louisiana History 18 (Spring 1977): 133-60.
  • ___. "Huey Long and the Presidential Election of 1936.'' Louisiana History 16 (Spring 1975): 117-43.
  • Swan, George Steven. "A Preliminary Comparison of Long's Louisiana and Duplessis' Quebec.'' Louisiana History 25 (Summer 1984): 289-319.
  • Towns, Stuart. "A Louisiana Medicine Show: The Kingfish Elects an Arkansas Senator.'' Arkansas Historical Quarterly 25 (Summer 1966): 117-27.
  • U.S. Congress. House. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives of the United States. 74th Cong., 2d sess., 1936. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1936.
  • Vaughn, Courtney. "The Legacy of Huey Long.'' Louisiana History 20 (Winter 1979): 93-101.
  • Whisenhunt, Donald W. "Huey Long and the Texas Cotton Acreage Control Law of 1931.'' Louisiana Studies 13 (Summer 1974): 142-53.
  • White, Richard D., Jr. Kingfish: The Reign of Huey P. Long. New York: Random House, 2006.
  • Williams, T. Harry. "The Gentleman from Louisiana: Demogogue or Democrat.'' Journal of Southern History 26 (February 1960): 3-21.
  • ___. Huey Long. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1969.
  • ___. "Huey, Lyndon, and Southern Radicalism.'' Journal of American History 60 (September 1973): 267-93.
  • ___. "The Politics of the Longs.'' Georgia Review 15 (Spring 1961): 20-33.
  • Williams, T. Harry, and John Milton Price. "The Huey Long Papers at Louisiana State University.'' Journal of Southern History 36 (May 1970): 256-61.