MAHONE, William (1826-1895)
Senate Years of Service: 1881-1887

MAHONE, WILLIAM, a Senator from Virginia; born in Southampton County, Va., December 1, 1826; graduated from the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington in 1847; taught two years at the Rappahannock Military Academy; became a civil engineer with the Norfolk & Petersburg Railroad and rose to president, chief engineer, and superintendent; joined the Confederate Army and took part in the capture of Norfolk Navy Yard; was commissioned brigadier general and major general in 1864; at the close of the Civil War returned to railroad engineering, and became president of the Norfolk and Western; elected to the United States Senate as a Readjuster and subsequently joined the Republican Party; served from March 4, 1881, until March 3, 1887; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1887; chairman, Committee on Agriculture (Forty-seventh Congress), Committee on Public Buildings and Grounds (Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses); died in Washington, D.C., October 8, 1895; interment in Blandford Cemetery, Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Va.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: 1856-1895. Ca. 100,000 items and 161 volumes. Correspondence, scrapbooks, business records, and other papers pertaining to his business career with the Norfolk and Petersburg railroad, his Civil War service, and political activities after the war. Finding aid.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In Bush & Lobdell records, 1836-1860, on 1 microfilm reel.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 3 letters (November 26, 1861; September 14, 1877; April 20, 1895) in Sang-Lee Civil War collection, 1834-1906.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1881. 1 item.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections, photographs, and portrait.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: 1868-1895. 32 items and 1 volume, photographs and portrait.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Lewis Edwin Harvie letters, 1876-1885; Henry T. Owens papers, 1822-1929; Robert E. Lee papers, 1834-1884; Mahone family papers, 1866-1900; and Mary S. Armistead scrapbooks, 1879-1907.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938.

  • Blake, Nelson Morehouse. William Mahone of Virginia, Soldier and Political Insurgent. Richmond: Garrett & Massie, 1935.
  • Chappo, John Fabian. "William H. Mahone of Virginia: An Intellectual Biography, 1830-1890." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 2007.
  • Moger, Allen W. Virginia: Bourbonism to Byrd, 1870-1925. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1968.