Library of Congress
MANGUM, Willie Person (1792-1861)

MANGUM, WILLIE PERSON, a Representative and a Senator from North Carolina; born in Orange (now Durham) County, N.C., May 10, 1792; attended academies at Hillsboro, Fayetteville, and Raleigh; graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1815; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1817 and commenced practice in Red Mountain, N.C.; member, State house of representatives 1818-1819; twice elected a superior court judge; elected to the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Congresses and served from March 4, 1823, until March 18, 1826, when he resigned; elected as a Jacksonian (later Anti-Jacksonian) to the United States Senate in 1830 and served from March 4, 1831, until his resignation on November 26, 1836; chairman, Committee on Naval Affairs (Twenty-seventh Congress), Committee on Printing (Twenty-seventh Congress); received the eleven electoral votes of South Carolina for President of the United States in 1837; again elected, as a Whig, to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Bedford Brown; reelected in 1841 and in 1847, and served from November 25, 1840, to March 3, 1853; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Twenty-seventh and Twenty-eighth Congresses; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1853; continued the practice of law until his death in Red Mountain, N.C., September 7, 1861; interment in the family burial ground at his home, 'Walnut Hall,' near Red Mountain, N.C.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: 1763-1861. 142 items and 1 volume. Correspondence and legal papers concerning Whig party affairs and family matters. Finding aid.

Filson Club Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: 1824. 1 letter.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1771-1906. 7 linear feet. Family, legal, and business papers, correspondence, diaries, speeches, and printed material concerning local, southern, and national politics, the Whig party in the South, the Mangum plantation, and family matters.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Polk family papers, 1767-1859, available on 1 microfilm reel.

North Carolina Division of Archives and History
Raleigh, NC
Papers: 2 microfilm reels of originals (1809-1894) in Mangum family papers at University of North Carolina and Library of Congress. Chiefly business and personal correspondence, some political correspondence, court records, letters from his wife, and genealogical material. Finding aid.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 75 business, legal, and personal papers in Mangum family papers, 1777-1956. Finding aid.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: 3 letters by and 1 to Mangum (1819-1861) in various collections. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In James Watson Webb papers, 1819-1967 (bulk 1819-1890).

  • Hoffmann, William S. "Willie P. Mangum and the Whig Revival of the Doctrine of Instructions.'' Journal of Southern History 22 (August 1956): 338-54.
  • McDuffie, Penelope. "Some Chapters in the Life of Willie Person Mangum.'' In Historical Papers Published by the Trinity College Historical Society, ser. 15, pp. 5-54. 1925. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1970.
  • Shanks, Henry T., ed. Willie Person Mangum Papers. 5 vols. Raleigh, NC: State Department of Archives and History, 1950-1956.
  • Thompson, Joseph Conan. "Willie Person Mangum: Politics and Pragmatism in the Age of Jackson." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Florida, 1995.
  • Walton, Brian G. "Elections to the United States Senate in North Carolina, 1835-1861.'' North Carolina Historical Review 53 (April 1976): 168-92.