McMILLAN, James (1838-1902)

MCMILLAN, JAMES, a Senator from Michigan; born in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, May 12, 1838; educated in the public schools of Hamilton; moved to Detroit, Mich., in 1855, where he entered upon a business career; purchasing agent of the Detroit & Milwaukee Railroad; an organizer of the Michigan Car Co. in 1863; built and became president of the Duluth, South Shore & Atlantic Railroad; largely interested in shipbuilding and lake transportation companies; for three years was president of the Detroit Board of Park Commissioners and for four years a member of the Detroit Board of Estimates; presidential elector on the Republican ticket in 1884; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1889; reelected in 1895 and 1901 and served from March 3, 1889, until his death; chairman, Committee on Manufactures (Fifty-first and Fifty-second Congresses), Committee on the District of Columbia (Fifty-fourth through Fifty-seventh Congresses); died in Manchester, Essex County, Mass., August 10, 1902; interment in Elmwood Cemetery, Detroit, Mich.

Detroit Public Library
Detroit, MI
Papers: 1881-1920. 201 boxes, 153 volumes. Chiefly records of the Detroit and Cleveland Steam Navigation Company.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1901-1902. 1 scrapbook. Photocopies of clippings concerning politics, his career, and personal affairs.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Chase Salmon Osborn papers, 1889-1949; Jabez Thomas Sunderland papers, 1868-1936; Oliver Lyman Spaulding papers, 1861-1921; Jacob Ellsworth Reighard papers, 1887-1942; Peter Quintard White papers, 1848-1915; John Gibson Parkhurst papers, 1802-1914; Henry Wade Rogers papers, 1873-1920; John Patton papers, 1888-1905; Fred Augustus Maynard scrapbook, 1894-1900; James Burrill Angell papers, 1845-1916; Harrison Geer papers, 1865-1895; Raymond Cazallis Davis papers, 1850-1917; Isaac Newton Demmon papers, 1858-1920; Marshall L. Cook papers, 1880-1945; Detroit Post and Tribune Company records, 1861-1886; Junius Emery Beal papers, 1882-1946; Rice Aner Beal papers, 1843-1883; Jacob Ellsworth Reighard papers, 1887-1942; and Sligh family papers, 1842-1967. Finding aid.

  • Drutchas, Geoffrey G. "Gray Eminence in a Gilded Age: The Forgotten Career of Senator James McMillan of Michigan." Michigan Historical Review 28 (Fall 2002): 78-113.
  • ___. "The Man With a Capital Design." Michigan History 86 (March/April 2002): 36-38.
  • Heyda, Marie. "Senator James McMillan and the Flowering of the Spoils System.'' Michigan History 54 (Fall 1970): 183-200.
  • Michigan. Legislature. In Memory of Hon. James McMillan, Senator in the Congress of the United States from Michigan. Lansing: R. Smith Printing Co., 1903.
  • Moore, Charles. "James M'Millan, United States Senator from Michigan.'' Michigan Historical Collections 39 (1915): 173-87.
  • U.S. Congress. James McMillan: (Late a Senator from Michigan). Memorial Addresses Delivered in the Senate and House of Representatives. 57th Cong., 2d sess., 1902-1903. Washington: Government Printing Office.