MEIGS, Return Jonathan, Jr. (1764-1825)

MEIGS, RETURN JONATHAN, JR., a Senator from Ohio; born in Middletown, Conn., November 17, 1764; graduated from Yale College in 1785; studied law; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Marietta, Washington County, Ohio (then known as the Northwest Territory), in 1788; participated in the Indian fighting of that period; appointed territorial judge 1798; member, territorial legislature 1799; chief justice of the Ohio supreme court 1803-1804; brevetted colonel in the United States Army and commanded in the St. Charles district in Louisiana 1804-1806; judge of the supreme court of Louisiana 1805-1806; judge of the United States District Court for the Territory of Michigan 1807-1808; returned to Ohio and was elected Governor in 1808 but declared ineligible because of his prolonged absence from the State; elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John Smith; reelected in 1809 and served from December 12, 1808, until he resigned, having been elected Governor, on or before December 8, 1810; Governor of Ohio 1810-1814; Postmaster General in the administrations of Presidents James Madison and James Monroe 1814-1823; died in Marietta, Ohio, March 29, 1825; interment in Mound Cemetery.

Cincinnati Historical Society
Cincinnati, OH
Papers: 23 items in the Stites papers on the War of 1812; and miscellaneous items in various collections.

Connecticut Historical Society
Hartford, CT
Papers: 1 letter (February 23, 1795) to Wolcott in Oliver Wolcott papers.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in McNish family papers, 1773-1926.

Filson Club Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: 1818, 1820. 2 letters.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1792-1822 (bulk 1812-1814). 25 items.

Indiana University
Lilly Library
Bloomington, IN
Papers: 1794-1831. 85 items. Letters to and from Meigs; documents signed by Meigs; and Meigs related material.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In Return J. Meigs family papers, 1772-1862. 1 container. Chiefly correspondence of Meigs relating to activities as an Indian agent to the Cherokees, 1801-1823, and a few letters (1772-1774) concerning his Revolutionary War service, together with papers of other family members. Available on 1 microfilm reel.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: In Autographs of American Authors and Statesmen collection, ca. 1770-1865.

Ohio Historical Society
Campus Martius Museum
Marietta, OH
Papers: In Meigs-Jackson papers, 1790-1863, 8 folders; and information about Massie's contested governor's race against Meigs (1807) in Nathaniel Massie papers, 1786-1849.

Ohio Historical Society
Columbus, OH
Papers: 1801-1818. 2 feet. Personal and political correspondence chiefly from governorship. Available on microfilm. Finding aid. Also miscellaneous papers in other collections and photographs of portraits.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1817-1818. 2 items.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: July 8, 1796. 1 letter. To Isaac Craig concerning a new mail boat.

University of Oklahoma
Carl Albert Center Congressional Archives
Norman, OK
Papers: In History of Oklahoma collection, 1682-1969.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Numerous items in various collections. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in Joseph Wheaton papers, 1797-1839; and John Stites Gano papers, 1797-1833 (bulk 1797-1820).