Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
MITCHELL, Arthur Wergs (1883-1968)

MITCHELL, ARTHUR WERGS, a Representative from Illinois; born on a farm near Lafayette, Chambers County, Ala., December 22, 1883; attended the public schools, Tuskegee Institute at Tuskegee, Ala., Columbia University, New York City, and Harvard University; taught in the rural schools of Alabama for many years; founder and president of the Armstrong Agricultural School, West Butler, Ala.; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1927 and commenced practice in Washington, D.C.; moved to Chicago in 1929 and continued the practice of law; also engaged in the real estate business; alternate delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1936 and delegate at large in 1940; elected as a Democrat to the Seventy-fourth and to the three succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1935-January 3, 1943); was not a candidate for renomination in 1942; resumed the practice of law; also engaged in civil rights work, public lecturing, and farming near Petersburg, Va.; died at his home near Petersburg, Dinwiddie County, Va., May 9, 1968; interment on his estate, ``Land of a Thousand Roses,'' in Dinwiddie County.

Chicago History Museum
Research Center
Chicago, IL
Papers: 1898-1968. 31 feet.
Correspondence, clippings, and other papers (chiefly 1934-1942) relating to his business activities and service in Congress.

  • "Arthur Wergs Mitchell" in Black Americans in Congress, 1870-2007. Prepared under the direction of the Committee on House Administration by the Office of History & Preservation, U.S. House of Representatives. Washington: Government Printing Office, 2008.
  • Nordin, Dennis S. The New Deal's Black Congressman: A Life of Arthur Wergs Mitchell. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1997.