NYE, Gerald Prentice (1892-1971)

NYE, GERALD PRENTICE, a Senator from North Dakota; born in Hortonville, Outagamie County, Wis., December 19, 1892; attended the public schools; engaged in newspaper work in Wisconsin and Iowa; moved to North Dakota in 1915; publisher of the Billings County Pioneer, and later editor and publisher of the Griggs County Sentinel-Courier; unsuccessful candidate in 1924 for election to the Sixty-ninth Congress; appointed on November 14, 1925, and subsequently elected on June 30, 1926, as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Edwin F. Ladd; reelected in 1926, 1932, and again in 1938 and served from November 14, 1925, to January 3, 1945; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1944; chairman, Committee on Public Lands and Surveys (Seventieth through Seventy-second Congresses), Special Committee on Investigation of the Munitions Industry (1934-1938); president of Records Engineering, Inc., Washington, D.C., 1937-1959; special assistant for elderly housing, Federal Housing Administration 1960-1964; member of staff, Senate Committee on Aging 1964-1968; associate in firm of Hurley, Clark and Associates, 1964-1971; was a resident of Chevy Chase, Md., until his death on July 17, 1971, in Washington, D.C.; interment in Fort Lincoln Cemetery.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Mildred Hicks papers, 1917-1945. Finding aid.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: Information concerning the Nye Committee in E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company Public Affairs Department records, 1912-1975; 2 linear feet in Pierre S. du Pont papers relating to Nye Committee investigation, 1917-1940; in Willis F. Harrington papers, 1882-1960; Walter Samuel Carpenter business papers, 1926-1975; Jasper E. Crane papers, 1924-1948; and Pierre S. du Pont papers relating to E.I. du Pont de Nemours & Company, 1800-1954.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: 1919-1968. 47 feet. Senatorial papers including subject files, campaign files, clippings, papers, addresses, cartoons, and articles. Finding aid available online. Nye papers in other repositories include James John Davis Papers, Library of Congress; Howard Y. Williams Papers, Minnesota Historical Society; Bishop James Cannon Papers, Duke University Library; Charles Linza McNary Papers, Library of Congress; Thomas James Walsh Papers, Library of Congress; James Kerr Pollock Papers, Michigan Historical Collections, Ann Arbor; Gerhard Mennen Williams Papers, Michigan Historical Collections, John T. Flynn Papers, University of Oregon Library at Eugene, Oregon; Edmund Bigelow Chaffee Papers, Syracuse University Library; Frederick Hale Papers, Syracuse University Library.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in La Follette family papers, 1844-1973. Finding aid.

North Dakota State University Libraries
Institute for Regional Studies
Fargo, ND
Papers: 1935-1973. 25 items. Correspondence, speeches, clippings, and articles. Also correspondence in Ole H. Olson papers, 1905-1952; and Sveinung Anundsen Olsness papers, 1883-1954.

State Historical Society of North Dakota
Bismarck, ND
Papers: Correspondence in Wyndmere Commercial Club records, 1907-1945; and J. Dexter Pierce papers, 1795-1945.

Swarthmore College
Peace Collection
Swarthmore, PA
Papers: In Hannah Clothier Hull papers, 1889-1958, available on 6 microfilm reels.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Edmund Bigelow Chaffee papers, 1902-1937.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in James Kerr Pollock papers, 1920-1968; and Gerald L. K. Smith papers, 1922-1976. Finding aid.

University of North Dakota
Chester Fritz Library
Grand Forks, ND
Papers: 1924-1944. 3 feet. Miscellaneous copies of correspondence concerning his campaign and the Nonpartisan League. Originals at Herbert Hoover Library.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Donald Dike papers, 1912-1946; and Donald C. MacDonald papers, 1895-1969.

University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 letter to Dreiser in Theodore Dreiser papers, ca. 1890-1965.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Harry Weinberger papers, 1915-1942; Nye Committee records, 1935-1936, on 1 microfilm reel of originals in National Archives and Records Administration; R.C Leffingwell papers, 1883-1979; Edwin Montefiore Borchard papers, 1910-1950; and Charles Parsons papers, 1880-1965.

  • Clifford, J. Garry. "A Note on the Break Between Senator Nye and President Roosevelt in 1939.'' North Dakota History 49 (Summer 1982): 14-17.
  • Cole, Wayne S. "Gerald P. Nye and Agrarian Bases for the Rise and Fall of American Isolationism.'' In Three Faces of Midwestern Isolationism: Gerald P. Nye, Robert E. Wood, John L. Lewis, edited by John N. Schacht, pp. 1-10. Iowa City: Center for the Study of the Recent History of the United States, 1981.
  • ___. Senator Gerald P. Nye and American Foreign Relations. 1962. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1980.
  • Coulter, Matthew Ware. The Senate Munitions Inquiry of the 1930s: Beyond the Merchants of Death. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1997.
  • Hill, Thomas Michael. "The Senate Leadership and International Policy from Lodge to Vandenberg.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Washington University, 1970.
  • Larsen, Lawrence H. "Gerald Nye and the Isolationist Argument.'' North Dakota History 47 (Winter 1980): 25-27.
  • Leonard, Robert James. "From County Politics to the Senate: The Learning Years for Senator Nye.'' North Dakota History 39 (Summer 1972): 15-23.
  • ___. "The Nye Committee: Legislating Against War.'' North Dakota History 41 (Fall 1974): 20-28.
  • Rylance, Daniel. "A Controversial Career: Gerald P. Nye, 1925-1946.'' North Dakota Quarterly 36 (Winter 1968): 5-19.
  • ___. "The 1944 Senatorial Election: The Defeat of Gerald P. Nye.'' Master's thesis, University of North Dakota, 1966.