OGDEN, Aaron (1756-1839)

OGDEN, AARON, a Senator from New Jersey; born in Elizabeth (formerly Elizabethtown), N.J., December 3, 1756; graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton University) in 1773; tutor in Barber's Grammar School 1773-1775; served in the Revolutionary Army as a lieutenant, captain, and brigade major; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1784 and commenced practice in Elizabeth, N.J.; presidential elector in 1796; clerk of Essex County 1785-1803; elected as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Schureman and served from February 28, 1801, to March 3, 1803; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1802; elected trustee of the College of New Jersey in 1803 and served until his death; Governor of New Jersey in 1812; nominated by President James Madison as major general of the Army in 1813, but declined the appointment; became engaged in steamboat navigation in 1813; moved to Jersey City in 1829 and continued the practice of law; appointed in 1830 as collector of customs and served until his death in Jersey City, N.J., April 19, 1839; interment in the First Presbyterian Church Burial Ground, Elizabeth, N.J.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 3 items.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: 1 letter (December 19, 1799) from William S. Smith in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume XI, Miscellany, 1755-1835; and 1 letter (February 26, 1805) to Jonathan Dayton in Volume X, Miscellany, 1764-1805.

Glassboro State College
Savitz Library
Glassboro, NJ
Papers: 1 letter (November 5, 1803) to Jonathan Dayton concerning "power of attorney''; and Justice of Peace commissions, Cumberland County.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In Stevens family papers, 1669-1959, on 16 microfilm reels of originals in New Jersey Historical Society.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1809, no date. 2 receipts.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: 1784-1787. 1 item. Volume of writs issued by Aaron and Robert Ogden, respectively clerk and junior clerk of Essex County. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Louis Bamberger collection, 1683-1929; correspondence and legal papers in Amzi Dodd papers, 1785-1840; accounts, lists, and other documents in Elizabethtown Library Company records, 1792-1824; correspondence in New Jersey Manuscripts collection, 1669-1840; correspondence in Jacob Stern Thomson papers, 1765-1844; Jonathan Dayton papers, 1789-1821; Samuel Hayes papers, 1696-1826; Holmes family papers, 1680-1907; Ogden family papers, 1767-1822; and other collections. Finding aid.

New Jersey State Library
Trenton, NJ
Papers: 1812-1813. In Judiciary records.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1802. 1 item.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives
New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: 1783-1833. 29 items. Chiefly letters received.
Additional Papers: 1 letter (1801) to Andrew Kirkpatrick in Jane Bayard Kirkpatrick papers, 1788-1834 (bulk 1823-1834); and correspondence in Jonathan Dayton papers, 1783-1819.

  • Baxter, Maurice G. The Steamboat Monopoly: Gibbons v. Ogden, 1824. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1972.
  • Ogden, Aaron. Autobiography of Col. Aaron Ogden, of Elizabethtown. Paterson, NJ: Press Printing & Publishing Co., 1893.