PITTMAN, Key (1872-1940)

PITTMAN, KEY, a Senator from Nevada; born in Vicksburg, Warren County, Miss., September 12, 1872; educated by private tutors and at the Southwestern Presbyterian University, Clarksville, Tenn.; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1892 and commenced practice in Seattle, Wash.; joined in the gold rush to Klondike, Alaska, in 1897 and worked as a miner until 1901; practiced law in Alaska; moved to the silver boom-town of Tonopah, Nev., in 1902 and continued the practice of law; appointed to represent the State of Nevada at the St. Louis Exposition, the Lewis and Clark Exposition, and the irrigation congress; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1910; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1913 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of George S. Nixon; reelected in 1916, 1922, 1928 and 1934 and served from January 29, 1913, until his death; had been reelected in 1940 for the term beginning January 3, 1941; served as President pro tempore of the United States Senate during the Seventy-third through Seventy-sixth Congresses; chairman, Committee on Territories (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses), Committee on Industrial Expositions (Sixty-sixth Congress), Committee on Foreign Relations (Seventy-third through Seventy-sixth Congresses); died in Reno, Nev., November 10, 1940; interment in Mountain View Cemetery.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: Discussed in interview with James Warburg.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Delph E. Carpenter papers, 1922-1945. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1898-1951. 191 containers. Correspondence, speeches, legislative and financial papers, subject files, photographs, memorabilia, scrapbooks, and clippings chiefly relating to his Senate service. Topics include silver, mining and coinage, Boulder Dam, reclamation, Alaskan affairs, neutrality, foreign trade, commercial relations with China, the League of Nations, and suffrage. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Cordell Hull papers, 1908-1956. Finding aid.

Nevada Historical Society
Reno, NV
Papers: 1886-1941. 13 feet. Congressional, business and personal correspondence concerning mining, League of Nations, Pittman Land Act, stabilization of international currencies, veterans' affairs, Senate Foreign Relations committee, and social activities in Washington, and photographs. Includes microfilm of Pittman papers, 1886-1897, in Skagit County Historical Museum, LaConner, Washington. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in George Wingfield papers; Tasker Lowndes Oddie papers; Bessie Reese Eichelberger papers, 1863-1941; Simeon Lemeuel Lee papers, 1849-1974; Sarah Emeline Mack papers, 1911-1946; and several other collections. Finding aid.

Nevada State Library and Archives
Carson City, NV
Papers: In Nevada Governor Fred B. Balzar papers, 1927-1934.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: Correspondence in William Sulzer scrapbooks, 1906-1936.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
Hyde Park, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Roosevelt family papers, [ca. 1686]-1959.

Skagit County Historical Museum
LaConner, WA
Papers: 2 boxes. Documents covering his early years including personal letters and legal and business papers.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949. Finding aid.

University of Nevada
Special Collections
Reno, NV
Papers: In Labor's Pittman Club correspondence, 1930; Nevada Mining Association records, 1913-1975; Thomas Woodnutt Miller papers, 1890-1973; Vail Montgomery Pittman papers, 1926-1963; and George Bradley Russell papers, 1908-1966.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Francis Griffith Newlands papers, 1848-1917.

  • Brennan, John A. "The Politics of Silver in the New Deal: Pittman, Roosevelt, and the Domestic-Silver Subsidy, 1933.'' Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 14 (Fall 1971): 5-18.
  • Cole, Wayne S. "Senator Key Pittman and American Neutrality Policies, 1933-1940.'' Mississippi Valley Historical Review 46 (March 1960): 644-62.
  • Glad, Betty. Key Pittman: The Tragedy of a Senate Insider. New York: Columbia University Press, 1986.
  • Israel, Fred L. "The Fulfillment of Bryan's Dream: Key Pittman and Silver Politics, 1918-1933.'' Pacific Historical Review 30 (November 1961): 359-80.
  • ___. "Key Pittman and New Deal Politics.'' Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 14 (Fall 1971): 19-25.
  • ___. Nevada's Key Pittman. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1963.
  • Libby, Justin H. "The Irreconcilable Conflict: Key Pittman and Japan During the Interwar Years.'' Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 18 (Fall 1975): 129-39.
  • Pittman, Key. "The United States and Russia--Obstacles to Recognition of Present Soviet RĂ©gime.'' Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 126 (July 1926): 131-33.
  • Porter, David L. "Key Pittman and the Monetary Act of 1939.'' Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 21 (Fall 1978): 205-13.
  • Sewall, Arthur F. "Key Pittman and the Quest for the China Market, 1933-1940.'' Pacific Historical Review 46 (August 1975): 351-71.
  • ___. "Key Pittman, the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, and American Foreign Policy, 1933-1940.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Delaware, 1974.
  • Smith, Harold T. "Pittman, Creel, and New Deal Politics.'' Nevada Historical Society Quarterly 22 (Winter 1979): 254-70.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States: Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of Key Pittman, Late a Senator from Nevada. 77th Cong., 1st sess., 1941-1942. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1942.