Library of Congress
PLATT, Orville Hitchcock (1827-1905)

PLATT, ORVILLE HITCHCOCK, a Senator from Connecticut; born in Washington, Litchfield County, Conn., July 19, 1827; attended the common schools and graduated from the Gunnery Academy, Washington, Conn.; studied law in Litchfield, Conn.; admitted to the bar in 1850 and commenced practice in Towanda, Pa.; moved to Meriden, Conn., in 1850 and continued to practice law; clerk of the State senate 1855-1856; secretary of State of Connecticut 1857; member, State senate 1861-1862; member, State house of representatives in 1864, 1869, and served as speaker in the latter year; State's attorney for New Haven County 1877-1879; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1879; reelected in 1885, 1891, 1897 and 1903 and served from March 4, 1879, until his death; chairman, Committee on Patents (Forty-seventh through Forty-ninth and Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Congresses), Committee on Pensions (Forty-seventh Congress), Committee on Territories (Fiftieth through Fifty-second Congresses), Committee on Cuban Relations (Fifty-sixth through Fifty-eighth Congresses), Committee on the Judiciary (Fifty-eighth and Fifty-ninth Congresses); died in Meriden, Conn., April 21, 1905; interment in Washington (Conn.) Cemetery on the Green.

Connecticut Historical Society
Hartford, CT
Papers: 12 items (1850-1894) in various collections; items in Gilman family papers, 1787-1985; his nomination as U.S. senator is discussed in letter (February 18, 1910) from H. Lines to L. Coolidge; and a photograph.

Connecticut State Library
Hartford, CT
Papers: 1880-1950. 6 feet. Correspondence, addresses, scrapbooks, and clippings. Finding aid.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 letter (1884) in James Moore Swank papers, 1785-1898 (bulk 1871-1898).

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1865. 1 item.

Mississippi State University
Mitchell Memorial Library
Mississippi State, MS
Papers: Correspondence in Frank Archibald Critz papers, 1880-1937. Finding aid.

Rockefeller Archive Center
North Tarrytown, NY
Papers: In Nelson W. Aldrich papers, 1879-1915, on 63 microfilm reels. Originals at Library of Congress.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Oliver Lyman Spaulding papers, 1861-1921; and John Patton papers, 1888-1905.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Harry H. Ensign collection, 1818-1880; Terry family papers, 1795-1939; and Ebenezer J. Hill papers, 1884-1911.

  • Coolidge, Louis Arthur. An Old Fashioned Senator: Orville H. Platt of Connecticut: The Story of a Life Unselfishly Devoted to the Public Service. 2 vols. 1910. Reprint. Port Washington, NY: Kennikat Press, 1971.
  • Merrill, Horace Samuel, and Marion Galbraith Merrill. The Republican Command, 1897-1913. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1971.
  • Smith, Edwina Carol. "Conservatism in the Gilded Age: The Senatorial Career of Orville H. Platt.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1976.
  • State of Connecticut. Joint Report of the Commission on Memorials to Senators Orville Hitchcock Platt and Joseph Roswell Hawley to the General Assembly of the State of Connecticut. Hartford, CT: Case, Lockwood & Brainard Co., 1915.
  • U.S. Congress. Orville Hitchcock Platt (Late a Senator from Connecticut). Memorial Addresses Delivered in the Senate and House of Representatives. 59th Cong., 1st sess., 1905-1906. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1906.