POINDEXTER, George (1779-1853)

POINDEXTER, GEORGE, a Delegate, a Representative and a Senator from Mississippi; born in Louisa County, Va., in 1779; had a sporadic education; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1800 and commenced practice in Milton, Va.; moved to the Territory of Mississippi in 1802 and practiced law in Natchez; attorney general of the Territory; member, Territorial general assembly 1805; elected as a Delegate from Mississippi Territory to the Tenth, Eleventh, and Twelfth Congresses (March 4, 1807-March 3, 1813); United States district judge for the Territory 1813-1817; served in the War of 1812; upon the admission of Mississippi as a State into the Union was elected to the Fifteenth Congress and served from December 10, 1817, to March 3, 1819; chairman, Committee on Public Lands (Fifteenth Congress); Governor of Mississippi 1819-1822; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1820 to the Seventeenth Congress and in 1822 to the Eighteenth Congress; appointed in 1830 to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Robert H. Adams; subsequently elected, and served from October 15, 1830, to March 3, 1835; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Twenty-third Congress; chairman, Committee on Private Land Claims (Twenty-second Congress), Committee on Public Lands (Twenty-third Congress); moved to Kentucky and resumed the practice of his profession in Lexington; returned to Jackson, Miss., and continued the practice of law until his death on September 5, 1853; interment in Jackson Cemetery.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: Correspondence in records concerning the financial controversy between Mississippi and Alabama territories and states, 1816-1830.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Filson Club Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: 1839. 1 letter.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1835. 1 letter.

Mississippi Department of Archives and History
Jackson, MS
Papers: 1820-1821. Gubernatorial correspondence, appointments, resignations, and commissions.
Additional Papers: 7 miscellaneous business papers (1818-1834); and in John Francis Hamtramck Claiborne historical papers, 1707-1881. Finding aid.

  • Allen, William C. "Senators Poindexter, Davis, and Stennis: Three Mississippians in the History of the United States Capitol." Journal of Mississippi History 65 (2003): 191-214.
  • Biographical Sketch of the Honorable George Poindexter. Washington: D. Green, 1835.
  • Cockrell, Thomas D. "United States Senators and Representatives from Mississippi, 1828-1836: An Introduction.'' Journal of Mississippi History 49 (February 1987): 35-48.
  • Coleman, James P. "Two Irascible Antebellum Senators: George Poindexter and Henry S. Foote.'' Journal of Mississippi History 46 (February 1984): 17-27.
  • Miles, Edwin A. "Andrew Jackson and Senator George Poindexter.'' Journal of Southern History 24 (February 1958): 51-66.
  • Rohrs, Richard C. "Partisan Politics and the Attempted Assassination of Andrew Jackson.'' Journal of the Early Republic 1 (Summer 1981): 149-63.
  • Smith, Suanna. "George Poindexter: A Political Biography.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Southern Mississippi, 1980.
  • Swearingen, Mack. The Early Life of George Poindexter. New Orleans: Tulane University Press, 1934.