POSEY, Thomas (1750-1818)

POSEY, THOMAS, a Senator from Louisiana; born in Fairfax County, Va., July 9, 1750; received a limited schooling; moved to the western frontier of Virginia in 1769; served in the Virginia militia in the French and Indian wars; member of the Virginia committee of correspondence; at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War was appointed captain in a Virginia regiment; promoted to the rank of major in 1778 and the following year was made colonel; was at the surrender of Yorktown in 1781; held various county and militia offices; appointed brigadier general in 1793 and participated in campaigns against the Indians; moved to Kentucky in 1794; served in the State senate and was its presiding officer in 1805 and 1806; lieutenant governor of Kentucky for four years; major general of Kentucky levies after 1809; moved to the Attakapas region of Louisiana; appointed to the United States Senate from Louisiana to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John N. Destrehan and served from October 8, 1812, to February 4, 1813; unsuccessful candidate for election to fill the vacancy; Governor of Indiana Territory 1813-1816; unsuccessful candidate for governor of Indiana; appointed Indian agent in 1816 and held the position until his death in Shawneetown, Ill., on March 19, 1818; interment in Westwood Cemetery.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1781-1782. 1 item. Orderly book of the Virginia Continentals and 1st Virginia Regiment, commanded by Lt. Col. Posey during 1782.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1776-1816 (bulk 1813-1816). Ca. 100 items. Correspondence, Revolutionary War journal as captain of 7th Virginia Regiment, memorandum book (1776-1777), commissions, and biography. Available on microfilm. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Cauthorn-Stout family papers, 1780-1908; Albert G. Porter collection, 1759-1942; and Northwest Territory collection, 1721-1838.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1814, no date. 3 items.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1782. 1 item.

  • Esarey, Logan, ed. Messages and Letters of William Henry Harrison. 2 vols. 1922. Reprint. New York: Arno Press, 1975. Vol. 2 includes messages and letters of Thomas Posey, 1813-1816.
  • Hall, James. "Memoir of Thomas Posey, Major-General, and Governor of Indiana,'' In Lives of Leonard Calvert, Samuel Ward, and Thomas Posey, pp. 363-404. Library of American Biography, edited by Jared Sparks, vol. 19. Boston: Charles C. Little & James Brown, 1846.
  • Posey, John Thornton. General Thomas Posey: Son of the American Revolution. East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1992.
  • ___. "Governor Thomas Posey: The Son of George Washington?'' Indiana Magazine of History 86 (March 1990): 28-49.