PROCTOR, Redfield (1831-1908)
Senate Years of Service: 1891-1908

PROCTOR, REDFIELD, a Senator from Vermont; born in Proctorsville, Windsor County, Vt., June 1, 1831; graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., in 1851 and from the Albany Law School in 1859; admitted to the bar and practiced in Boston, Mass., in 1860 and 1861; during the Civil War enlisted in the Union Army as a major, promoted to colonel, and was mustered out in 1863; returned to Vermont, engaged in the practice of law, and became interested in the development of the marble industry; member, State house of representatives 1867-1868; member, State senate and president pro tempore 1874-1875; lieutenant governor of the State 1876-1878; Governor of Vermont 1878-1880; member, State house of representatives 1888; appointed Secretary of War in the Cabinet of President Benjamin Harrison in 1889; resigned from the Cabinet in 1891 to become Senator; appointed in 1891 and subsequently elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of George F. Edmunds; reelected in 1892, 1898 and 1904 and served from November 2, 1891, until his death; chairman, Committee on Agriculture and Forestry (Fifty-fourth through Sixtieth Congresses), Committee on Military Affairs (Fifty-ninth Congress); died in Washington, D.C., on March 4, 1908; interment in the City Cemetery, Proctor, Rutland County, Vt.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Breckinridge family papers, 1752-1965. Finding aid.

Mississippi State University
Mitchell Memorial Library
Mississippi State, MS
Papers: Correspondence in Frank Archibald Critz papers, 1880-1937. Finding aid.

Proctor Free Library
Proctor, VT
Papers: 1852-1908 (bulk 1881-1908). 19 boxes. Includes personal and professional correspondence, speeches, letterbooks, biographical sketches, and photographs. Finding aid.

University of Vermont
Bailey/Howe Library
Burlington, VT
Papers: 4 items. Also photographs.

Vermont Historical Society
Montpelier, VT
Papers: 1889-1892. 7 volumes. Scrapbooks containing clippings, speeches, letters to Proctor, and material on other government service. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Carrington family papers, 1749-1929; and Benjamin Butterworth papers, 1857-1908.

  • Bowie, Chester Winston. "Redfield Proctor: A Biography.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1980.
  • Calloway, Colin G. "The Vermont Secretary and the Apache POWs: Redfield Proctor and the Case of the Chiricahuas.'' Vermont History 59 (Summer 1991): 166-79.
  • Cooley, Roger G. "Redfield Proctor: A Study in Leadership--The Vermont Period.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Rochester, 1955.
  • Davis, Michelle Bray, and Rollin W. Quimby. "Senator Proctor's Cuban Speech: Speculations on a Cause of the Spanish-American War.'' Quarterly Journal of Speech 55 (April 1969): 131-41.
  • Partridge, Frank C. "Redfield Proctor, His Life and Public Services.'' Proceedings of the Vermont Historical Society for the Years 1913-1914 (1915): 57-123.
  • U.S. Congress. Redfield Proctor (Late a Senator from Vermont): Memorial Addresses. 60th Cong., 2d sess., 1908-1909. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1909.